Hypleurochilus geminatus, Crested blenny

Hypleurochilus geminatus (Wood 1825)

Crested blenny
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Hypleurochilus geminatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hypleurochilus geminatus (Crested blenny)
Hypleurochilus geminatus
Picture by Christie, B.L.

Classification / Names Κοινά ονόματα | Συνώνυμα | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Blenniiformes (Blennies) > Blenniidae (Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Hypleurochilus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, pleura = in the side of + Greek, cheilos = lip.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Οικολογία

; Θαλασσινό(ά) Υφαλόφιλο(α).   Subtropical; 37°N - 24°N, 98°W - 74°W

Κατανομή Χώρες | Περιοχές FAO | Οικοσυστήματα | Παρουσίες | Point map | Εισαγωγές | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: North Carolina to Texas, including southern Florida in the USA. Recorded from coast of Central and South America (to Brazil), but these records probably are not of this species.

Μέγεθος / Βάρος / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL αρσενικό/απροσδιόριστο; (Ref. 7251)

Short description Μορφολογία | Μορφομετρία

Ραχιαίες άκανθες (συνολικά): 12; Εδρικές άκανθες 2; Μαλακές εδρικές ακτίνες: 17. Species distinguished by: preopercular sensory pore series with 1 pore (sometimes 2) at each position (New Jersey to northeastern Florida); dorsal fin not separated into 2 portions by deep notch; dorsal-fin spines usually 12, the last easy to see; total dorsal-fin elements 25 to 30; caudal fin uniformly pigmented or mottled with dark spots; segmented caudal-fin soft rays usually 13; segmented anal-fin rays usually 17; pelvic fins with 1 spine and 4 soft rays; pectoral-fin soft rays usually 13 or 14; an enlarged canine tooth present posteriorly on both sides of 1 or both jaws (sometimes absent on 1 side); no teeth on vomer; gill openings not continuous, each restricted to side of head, extending ventrally to about midlevel of pectoral-fin base or further (may extend completely around lower side of head and form common opening with gill opening of opposite side); cirri present only on eyes; ventral edge of upper lip smooth; lateral line never consisting of 2 disconnected, overlapping portions. Common amongst Blenniids: small, slender fishes, largest species to about 13 cm SL, most under 7.5 cm SL. Eyes high on sides of head; mouth ventral, upper jaw not protractile. A single row of incisor-like teeth in each jaw and often an enlarged canine-like tooth posteriorly on each side of lower jaw and sometimes upper jaw; no teeth on palatines. Dorsal and anal fins long, their spines usually flexible; dorsal fin with fewer spines than segmented (soft) rays; 2 spines in anal fin, scarcely differentiated from the segmented rays, the first not visible in females, both often supporting fleshy, bulbous, rugose swellings at their tips in males; pelvic fins inserted anterior to base of pectoral fins, with 1 spine (not visible) and segmented rays; all segmented fin rays, except those of caudal fin, unbranched (simple), caudal-fin rays of adults branched. All species lack scales (Ref.52855).

Βιολογία     Γλωσσάρι (π.χ. epibenthic)

Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).

Life cycle and mating behavior Γεννητική Ωρίμανση | Αναπαραγωγή | Γεννοβολία | Αβγά | Γονιμότητα | Προνύμφες

Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | Αναφορές | Συντονιστής : Williams, Jeffrey T. | Συνεργάτες

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 18 October 2007

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

αλιεία: χωρίς ενδιαφέρον
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.2 - 26.1, mean 24 °C (based on 136 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5005   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00341 - 0.01686), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Τροφικό Επίπεδο (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Ελαστικότητα (Ref. 120179):  Υψηλό, ελάχιστος χρόνος για διπλασιασμό πληθυσμού < 15 μήνες (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .