Sparisoma atomarium, Greenblotch parrotfish : aquarium

Sparisoma atomarium (Poey, 1861)

Greenblotch parrotfish
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Sparisoma atomarium   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sparisoma atomarium (Greenblotch parrotfish)
Sparisoma atomarium
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) 鱸形目 (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Scaridae (Parrotfishes) 鸚哥魚科 (Parrotfishes) > Sparisomatinae
Etymology: Sparisoma: Latin, sparus = a fish with a golden head + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Poey.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 20 - 55 m (Ref. 9710).   熱帶; 32°N -

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and Bahamas to northern South America.
西大西洋: 百慕達群島,佛羅里達南部 (美國) 與巴哈馬到南美洲北部。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 26340)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 10; 臀棘 2; 臀鰭軟條: 9. Initial phase olive-brown, finely mottled with pale pink, with whitish stripes (most evident on ventral half of body); one changeable color phase with a broad dark stripe from snout, enclosing eye, and passing along upper side; terminal males with a broad band of olive or red on upper side, finely flecked with other colors, the ventral half with iridescent light blue-green and wavy orange stripes; a bright green blotch as large as eye on shoulder region behind upper end of gill opening, sometimes containing one or two deep blue spots (Ref. 13442).
初期階段黃褐色的, 具有白粉紅色的細色斑, 有微白色的斑紋;(大部分顯著的在身體的半邊側面上) 一個可改變的色相具有一個寬的深色斑紋距離吻尖, 圍住眼, 而且沿著上側面; 末期雄魚有寬的地帶橄欖色或者在上側面上的紅色,有其他的顏色細斑點, 用彩虹色的淺藍綠色而波浪狀的橘色斑紋的半邊側面; 一個亮綠色的斑塊在鰓裂的上端後面的肩部上與眼一樣大, 有時包含一或二個深的藍色斑點.(參考文獻 13442)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits deep rocky and coral reefs with steep walls (Ref. 9710). Generally seen in seagrass beds or on reefs with thick algal cover (Ref. 13442). A protogynous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367).

棲息於深的岩石與珊瑚礁有陡峭的牆壁.(參考文獻 9710) 通常中見到了海草床或在上礁有厚的藻類覆蓋.(參考文獻 13442) 一個雌性先熟的雌雄同體.(參考文獻 55367)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

A monandric species (Ref. 55367). Forms harem groups composed of a single male and several smaller females (Ref. 55398). Length at sex change = 5.5 cm TL (Ref. 55367).西大西洋: 百慕達群島,佛羅里達南部 (美國) 與巴哈馬到南美洲北部。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Westneat, Mark | 合作者

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 September 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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水族館: 商業性
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 22.6 - 27.6, mean 26 °C (based on 55 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00555 - 0.02374), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 0.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 80.1 [43.4, 177.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.59, 1.71] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.4, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.114 [0.067, 0.183] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.7 [20.6, 79.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17.7 [5.2, 61.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.8 [1.2, 2.8] mg/100g (wet weight);