Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate)
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Centriscidae
(Snipefishes and shrimpfishes) > Macroramphosinae
Etymology: Macroramphosus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, rhamphos = beak, bill (Ref. 45335). More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; marino demersale; distribuzione batimetrica 25 - 600 m (Ref. 9563), usually 50 - 350 m (Ref. 47377). Subtropical; 66°N - 43°S, 180°W - 180°E
Western Atlantic: Gulf of Maine to Argentina (Ref. 37039). Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean. Indo-West Pacific. Mainly in temperate latitudes between 20° and 40°N. Presence in Somalia to be confirmed (Ref. 30573).
Size / Peso / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 4508); common length : 12.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 4508)
Spine dorsali (totale): 6 - 8; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 11-13; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 18 - 20; Vertebre: 24. Reddish pink in color, silvery below (Ref. 5382). Body compressed, without scales. Mouth is placed at the end of the long tubular snout (Ref. 35388). Snout length (6.1cm), length of second dorsal spine (LDS 3.9 cm) (Ref. 39875).
Found between the seabed and midwater on the lower continental shelf, over sand. Juveniles found in oceanic surface waters (Ref. 2683); adults normally live close to the bottom (normally in 50-350 m depth (Ref. 47377)). Gregarious. Juveniles feed mainly on pelagic invertebrates, mainly copepods, while adults feed on bottom invertebrates (Ref. 6732). Seems to be sympatric with Macroramphosus gracilis (Lowe, 1839) all around the world (Ref. 89357).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve
Ehrich, S., 1990. Macroramphosidae. p. 656-657. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4508)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Pesca: commerciale; Acquario: Acquari pubblici
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.5 - 22.7, mean 13.6 (based on 2092 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7502 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00668 - 0.01189), b=2.83 (2.74 - 2.92), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 3.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilienza (Ref. 120179
): Medio, tempo minimo di raddoppiamento della popolazione 1.4 - 4.4 anni (K=0.36-0.46; tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .