Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (Walbaum, 1792)

Megrim
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Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis (Megrim)
Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis
Picture by Dolgov, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Scophthalmidae (Turbots)
Etymology: Lepidorhombus: Greek, lepis = scale + Greek, rhombos = paralelogram (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 深海底的; 深度上下限 100 - 700 m (Ref. 56504).   深水域; 73°N - 26°N, 30°W - 37°E (Ref. 54564)

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Northeast Atlantic: Iceland southward to Cape Bojador (26°N), West Sahara and in the western Mediterranean.
東北大西洋: 冰島向南至勃查多爾角 (26 ° N) ,撒哈拉西方部與在地中海西部。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 25.8  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3397); common length : 25.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3397); 最大体重: 0.00 g; 最大年龄: 16 年 (Ref. 108908)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 85-94; 臀鳍软条: 64 - 74. Dorsal fin origin closer to tip of snout than to anterior edge of eye. Dorsal and anal fins terminate just a little on the blind side of the caudal peduncle. Lateral line forms a distinct curve above the pectoral fin. Dorsal and anal fin with indefinite darker spots posteriorly.
背鳍起点更靠近吻尖超过对眼的前缘。 背鳍与臀鳍在尾梗的没有眼睛的一边上正好稍微结束。 侧线形成一个在胸鳍上面的明显弯曲。 背鳍与臀鳍在后部地有模糊的较黑的斑点。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults occur on soft bottoms. Depth range from 100-400 m (Ref. 06302) and from 288-700 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Feed on small bottom-living fishes as well as squids and crustaceans (Ref. 4703). Spawning occurs in deep waters off Iceland and west of the British Isles (Ref. 35388).

生活于软质底部。 在爱奥尼亚的海洋东部中的来自 100-400 公尺 (参考文献 06302) 与 288-700 公尺的深度范围.(参考文献 56504) 吃小型底栖性鱼以及乌贼与甲壳动物。 (参考文献 4703) 产卵在深的水域外海的冰岛与位于英国岛西方.(参考文献 35388)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Total spawners (Ref. 108908).東北大西洋: 冰島向南至勃查多爾角 (26 ° N) ,撒哈拉西方部與在地中海西部。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Nielsen, J.G., 1990. Scophthalmidae. p. 1026. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6501)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 高经济性
FAO(渔业: 产生, 物种外形; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.3 - 11.4, mean 7.7 (based on 165 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7520   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00361 - 0.00579), b=3.10 (3.03 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 6.9 (5.8 - 8.5) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 42 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.13; tm=2-4; Fec = 26,522; tmax=16).
Prior r = 0.51, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.76, Based on 6 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (62 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.