(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Gymnoscopelinae
Etymology: Notoscopelus: Greek, noton = back + Greek, skopelos = a lantern fish (Ref. 45335); resplendens: From the Latin 'resplendere' which means to shine brightly (Ref. 6885) More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; laut batipelagis; oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 777 - 2121 m (Ref. 44036), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 55°N - 61°S
Atlantic Ocean: about 35°N (east of 40°W) and 47°N (west of 40°W) to the southern Subtropical Convergence at 40°S, but with discontinuity in the region of the cyclonic gyre 2°S - 11°S, in the eastern Atlantic and in the minimum region off Brazil (5°-9°S to 21°S). Indian Ocean: between 24° and 30°S. Western Pacific: northwest Pacific to off Australia and New Zealand (absent from western tropical Pacific and southeast Asian seas, Ref. 5182). Eastern Pacific: south of 55°N (Ref. 265) to 34°S, west of 80°W but to 20°S in Peruvian Transitional Zone. Southern Ocean: at 60°58'S, 48°05'W (Ref. 5182). South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur
Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 4479)
Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 21-24; Duri dubur 0; Sirip dubur lunak: 18 - 20; vertebrata, bertulang belakang: 35 - 38. Branchiostegal rays: 9-10 (Ref. 31442). Anal organs 13; can be easily distinguished from other species of the genus by its gill raker count (Ref. 39633).
High-oceanic, epipelagic to mesopelagic (Ref. 31442). Bathypelagic (Ref. 58302). Nyctoepipelagic at the surface and down to 300 m and found between 651-2,000 m during the day (Ref. 4479). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 31442).
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 124695)
ancaman kepada manusia
mitraGambarStamps, Coins Misc.Suara-suaraCiguateraKecepatanTipe renangArea insangOtolithsOtakPenglihatan / visi
muat turun XML
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.4 - 6.9, mean 4.1 °C (based on 1475 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00178 - 0.00978), b=3.13 (2.92 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Daya lenting (Ref. 120179
): Tinggi, Waktu penggandaan populasi minimum kurang dari 15 bulan (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
keancaman (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 73.3 [25.0, 228.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.733 [0.356, 1.788] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.4 [14.6, 18.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.625 [0.276, 1.451] g/100g ; Selenium = 11 [4, 30] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.2 [8.4, 210.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.849 [0.468, 1.549] mg/100g (wet weight);