分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 底生の漂泳性; 深さの範囲 - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: widespread; from South Africa to the Philippines; north to Ryukyu Is. and south to eastern Indonesia. However, it may comprise of two closely related species based on genetic findings where the forms possibly differ in the shape of the head and tail and robustness of the bodies.
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 78 cm
Max length : 90.0 cm WD オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 114953)
Benthopelagic in the open ocean and often aggregating in large shoals (Ref. 114953). . Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449).
Randall, J.E., 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. (Ref. 11441)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00461 - 0.02857), b=2.98 (2.76 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 低い, ４．５年～１４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Fec assumed to be <100).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .