Carassius carassius, Crucian carp : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium, bait

Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758)

Crucian carp
Загрузить свой Фото и Видео
Pictures | Изображение на Google
Image of Carassius carassius (Crucian carp)
Carassius carassius
Picture by Busse, K.

Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes(род, виды) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Cyprininae
Etymology: Carassius: Latinization of , karass, karausche, European crucian carp (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

; пресноводный; солоноватоводный демерсальный; мигрирует в реке (Ref. 51243); пределы глубины 5 - ? m (Ref. 2163). Temperate; 2°C - 22°C (Ref. 1672); 69°N - 35°N, 10°W - 169°E

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Eurasia: North, Baltic, White, Barents, Black and Caspian Sea basins; Aegean Sea basin only in Maritza drainage; eastward to Kolyma drainage (Siberia); westward to Rhine and eastern drainages of England. Absent from North Sea basin in Sweden and Norway. In Baltic basin north to about 66°N. Widely introduced to Italy, England and France but possibly often confused with Carassius gibelio (Ref. 59043). At least one country reports adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 64.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 6114); common length : 15.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 556); наибольший вес (опубликованные данные): 3.0 kg (Ref. 556); наибольший возраст (опубликованны данные): 10 годы (Ref. 59043)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 3 - 4; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 13-22; колючие лучи анального плавника 2-3; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 5 - 7; позвонки: 32. Diagnosed from its congeners in Europe by having the following characters: body golden-green shining color; last simple anal and dorsal rays weakly serrated; 23-33 gill rakers; lateral line with 31-36 scales; free edge of dorsal convex; anal fin usually with 6½ branched rays; and peritoneum white (Ref. 59043). Caudal fin with 18-20 rays (Ref. 2196). No barbels. The third dorsal and anal-fin rays are strong and serrated posteriorly.

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Adults occur in shallow ponds, lakes rich in vegetation and slow moving rivers. They burrow in mud in the dry season or during winter (Ref. 2163). Usually restricted to densely vegetated backwaters and oxbows of lowland rivers. Can survive at high temperatures and at very low oxygen concentrations during summer and under ice cover (Ref. 59043). Tolerates cold, organic pollutants, and low oxygen levels in the water (Ref. 30578). Feeds all day but mainly at night on plankton, benthic invertebrates, plant materials and detritus. Usually does not occur in waters with rich ichthyofauna and abundant predatory species, but very abundant in the absence of other fish species. Spawns in dense submerged vegetation (Ref. 59043). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988). Live up to about 10 years. There is a gradual but continuing extirpation in many water bodies, especially in Danube drainage and central Europe, possibly to due competition with introduced Carassius gibelio in non-optimal habitats (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Females spawn multiple times during the spawning period (Ref. 88808). Reproduction in May-June in shallow water with dense vegetation, eggs 130000-250000/female adhere to plants, hatch after 4-8 days (Ref. 2163). Individual female spawn with several males. Males follow ripe females, often with much splashing. Eggs are sticky and are attached to water plants (Ref. 59043).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор | соавторы

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 125652)

  Не вызывающий беспокойства (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 January 2008

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Potential pest (Ref. 13686)





Использование человеком

рыболовство: важный объект промысла; аквакультура (рыбоводство): коммерческий; объект спортивного рыболовства: да; аквариум: коммерческий; наживка: occasionally
FAO - аквакультура (рыбоводство): production, Видовой профиль; рыболовство: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

дополнительная информация

ссылки
аквакультура (рыбоводство)
особенности рыбоводства
степень растяжения
генетика
частоты аллелей
наследуемость
болезни
обработка
Nutrients
Mass conversion
соавторы
изображения
Stamps, Coins Misc.
звуки
Ciguatera
скорость
тип плавания
жаберная область
Otoliths
мозг
зрение

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

Скачать в формате XML

ресурсы в Интернет

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.01041 - 0.01523), b=3.02 (2.97 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.24 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  средний (среднего размера), минимальное время удвоения популяции 1.4-4.4 года (tm=2).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):   (0 of 100) .
Категория цены (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 103 [35, 277] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.779 [0.364, 1.618] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.3 [16.0, 18.7] % ; Omega3 = 1.45 [0.61, 3.68] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.1 [6.7, 51.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17.6 [4.6, 67.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.677 [0.395, 1.214] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.