Dipturus laevis, Barndoor skate : gamefish

Dipturus laevis (Mitchill, 1818)

Barndoor skate
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Dipturus laevis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Dipturus laevis (Barndoor skate)
Dipturus laevis
Picture by Flescher, D.

Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes(род, виды) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Пластиножаберные (акулы и скаты) (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes (Skates and rays) > Rajidae (Skates)
Etymology: Dipturus: Greek, di = two + Greek, pteryx = fin (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Mitchill.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

; морской демерсальный; мигрирует в океане (Ref. 51243); пределы глубины - 750 m (Ref. 55276), usually - 150 m (Ref. 55276).   Temperate; 0°C - 20°C; 51°N - 33°N, 84°W - 42°W (Ref. 55276)

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Grand Bank and southern Gulf of St. Lawrence in Canada to North Carolina, USA. Threatened with extinction by intensive trawling (Ref. 27438).

Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 163 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 114953); наибольший вес (опубликованные данные): 18.0 kg (Ref. 7251)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

Disk broad, with sharply angled corners and a pointed snout; front edges concave. No middorsal spines on disk. Tail with 3 rows of spine (1 middorsal row and 1 row on each side). Dorsal fins close together (Ref. 7251). Upper surface brownish, with many scattered small dark spots. Mucous pores on nuchal region. Lower surface white, blotched irregularly with gray (Ref. 6902).

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Occur from water's edge to 430 m depth; absent from shoal waters in south during warm months (Ref. 7251). Found in salinities that range from 35 along the continental edge to 31.5 inshore along the open coast and as low as 21-24 (Ref. 6902). Live on all kinds of bottom (Ref. 205). Benthic (Ref. 5951). Feed on bivalve mollusks, squids, rock crabs, lobsters, shrimps, worms and fishes. Oviparous. Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205). Eggs are oblong capsules with stiff pointed horns at the corners deposited during summer (with 6-month development) in sandy or muddy flats (Ref. 205, Ref. 114953). Egg capsules are 7.1-13.2 cm long and 4.6-7.4 cm wide (Ref. 41250). Males reaches maturity at ca. 100 cm TL, females at 96-105 cm TL; hatch size at 18-19 cm TL (Ref. 114953). Little use is made of the small quantities that are caught. In some cases, they are made into fish meal.

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace. Young may tend to follow large objects, such as their mother (Ref. 205).

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор : McEachran, John | соавторы

McEachran, J.D. and K.A. Dunn, 1998. Phylogenetic analysis of skates, a morphologically conservative clade of elasmobranchs (Chondrichthyes: Rajidae). Copeia 1998(2):271-290. (Ref. 27314)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Harmless





Использование человеком

рыболовство: интереса не представляет; объект спортивного рыболовства: да
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

дополнительная информация

народные названия
синонимы
обмен веществ
хищники
экотоксикология
размножение
половая зрелость
нерест
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
икра
Развитие икры
Возраст/Размеры
рост
Зависимость между длиной и массой тела
Зависимость между длинами
Размерный состав
морфометрия
морфология
личинки
динамика численности личинок
пополнение
численность
BRUVS
ссылки
аквакультура (рыбоводство)
особенности рыбоводства
степень растяжения
генетика
частоты аллелей
наследуемость
болезни
обработка
Nutrients
Mass conversion
соавторы
изображения
Stamps, Coins Misc.
звуки
Ciguatera
скорость
тип плавания
жаберная область
Otoliths
мозг
зрение

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

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ресурсы в Интернет

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Проверить FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: род, виды | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Геном, Нуклеотид | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | общественные аквариумы | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Вперёд, поиск | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 0.9 - 13.9, mean 7.3 °C (based on 497 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00145 - 0.00660), b=3.22 (3.04 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 11.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  низкий, минимальное время удвоения популяции 4.5-14 лет (Fec assumed to be <100).
Уязвимость (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (69 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 8.89 [1.00, 52.36] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.264 [0.045, 0.982] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.9 [13.8, 17.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.63 [0.27, 1.50] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.1 [4.6, 72.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.6 [1.4, 29.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.317 [0.081, 1.148] mg/100g (wet weight);