Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 20 - 830 m (Ref. 50610), usually 200 - 400 m (Ref. 56464). Temperate; ? - 4°C (Ref. 56464)
Northwest Pacific: Sea of Okhotsk to Kamchatka.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 79.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56464); common length : 51.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56464); max. published weight: 3.3 kg (Ref. 56464); max. reported age: 13 years (Ref. 56464)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 81 - 87;
Vertebrae: 101 - 109. Wide, blackish-brown blotches, about 10 in number on body; a narrow white band connecting upper ends of gill openings; ventral surface of head including lips, lower 1/2 of pectoral fin, and ventral 1/2 of body light (Ref.559). Lateral line ventral (Ref. 559).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.5 - 4.1, mean 1.5 (based on 203 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00257 (0.00161 - 0.00411), b=3.22 (3.08 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (68 of 100) .