Pelmatolapia mariae, Spotted tilapia : fisheries, aquarium

You can sponsor this page

Pelmatolapia mariae (Boulenger, 1899)

Spotted tilapia
上传你的 图片 和 影像
Pictures | 谷歌图片
Image of Pelmatolapia mariae (Spotted tilapia)
Pelmatolapia mariae
Picture by Svensson, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) 鱸形目 (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) 麗魚科 (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 居于水底的; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19.   熱帶; 20°C - 25°C (Ref. 1672); 9°N - 2°N, 9°W - 11°E (Ref. 55202)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Africa: coastal lagoons and lower river courses from the Tabou River (Côte d'Ivoire) to the Kribi River (Cameroon), but absent from the area between the Pra River (Ghana) and Benin (Ref. 53405). Also recorded from the lower Ntem, Cameroon (81260).
非洲: 到迦納西南部的海岸低地與潟湖從 Tabou 河 (象牙海岸) 與從貝南到 Kribi 河 (喀麥隆) 東南部.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.3 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 81260); common length : 17.5 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12193); 最大体重: 1.4 kg (Ref. 40637)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 15 - 17; 背的软条 (总数): 13-15; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 10 - 11. Diagnosis: body rather elevated (body depth 46.9-51.6% SL) (Ref. 53405). Head profile rounded (Ref. 81260). Outer teeth on jaws bicuspid (Ref. 53405), gracile (Ref. 81260) and spatulated (Ref. 53405, 81260). Lower pharyngeal jaw teeth relatively small and narrow near posterior border of bone, forming an almost felt-like covering (Ref. 81260). Micro-gillrakers present; adults (> 150 mm) with a series of dark blotches in the middle of the flanks (sometimes body entirely blackish) (Ref. 53405, 81260). Juveniles with 7-9 large vertical bands (Ref. 53405). Ventral scales with central red spot; 12 or more rakers on lower limb of first gill arch (Ref. 81260).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Live in still or flowing waters in rocky or mud-bottom areas (Ref. 44894). Occur in warm springs and mud-bottomed to sand-bottomed canals (Ref. 5723). Clearly prefers a herbivorous diet, including algae, higher plants and parts of cassava, but also accepts insects and shrimps (along with their eggs) (Ref. 52307). Consume plant matter. Reache sexual maturity at 10-15 centimeters length. Parents prepare nest site on logs, leaves and other debris. Prolific species (Ref. 52307). The eggs (600-3300 per female) are guarded by the parents and hatch in 1-3 days. Larvae need 6-8 additional days to develop before they can swim freely (Ref. 52307). Parental care of the brood continues until the fish are about (1.5 cm, Ref. 52307) 2.5-3.0 centimeters (Ref. 44894). Occurs in mixed groups composed of individuals of varying size/age, along with individuals of other species (Ref. 52307). Pair-bonding, open (Ref. 52307) substrate brooder (Ref. 52307, 81260) with both parents guarding the brood (Ref. 52307). Maximum size was recorded at 39.4 cm TL (Ref. 40637).

在岩石的或泥底区域中生活在静止或流动的水域。 (参考文献 44894) 出现于温暖的泉水与泥质底的对砂质底的管.(参考文献 5723) 吃植物事件。 在 10-15 公分长度达成性成熟。 亲鱼在圆木, 树叶与其他的残砾上准备巢位置。 卵 (600-3300 每母鱼) 被由父母保卫而且在 1-3 天内孵化。 亲代养育窝继续,直到鱼是大约 2.5-3.0个公分.(参考文献 44894)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Produces up to 2000 eggs.非洲: 到迦納西南部的海岸低地與潟湖從 Tabou 河 (象牙海岸) 與從貝南到 Kribi 河 (喀麥隆) 東南部.

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Kullander, Sven O. | 合作者

Dunz, A.R. and U.K. Schliewen, 2013. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of the haplotilapiine cichlid fishes formerly referred to as "Tilapia". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 68(1):64-80. (Ref. 93285)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 16 October 2019

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: ; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

国家
FAO区域
生态系
标本纪录
简介
Stocks
生态学
食性
食物相
食物消耗量
定量
俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

下载 XML

网络资源

Alien/Invasive Species database | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.01413 - 0.01950), b=2.99 (2.95 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 2.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Fec = 2,000).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 198 [102, 367] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.42 [0.87, 2.81] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.3, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.517 [0.245, 1.208] g/100g ; Selenium = 65.7 [35.2, 126.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.8 [3.6, 42.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.81 [1.21, 3.22] mg/100g (wet weight);