Himantolophus appelii, Prickly footballfish

Himantolophus appelii (Clarke, 1878)

Prickly footballfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Himantolophus appelii   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Himantolophus appelii
Picture by Reyes, P.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) 鮟鱇目 (Anglerfishes) > Himantolophidae (Footballfishes) 疏刺角鮟鱇科 (Footballfishes)
Etymology: Himantolophus: Greek, himas or himantos = leather strap, thong or leash (referring to the thick leathery illicium) + Greek, lopho or lophio = crest or tuft (referring to the baited illicium projecting from the head) (Ref. 86949).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 深海區的; 深度上下限 338 - 1360 m (Ref. 86949), usually - m (Ref. ).   深水域; 0°C -

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Circumglobal in the southern hemisphere except eastern Pacific (Ref. 7300). Range extended to the Falkland Is. (Ref. 80772) and probably a first record in the Philippines (Ref. 95664).
南半球除東太平洋環球分佈於。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 33839)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背的軟條 (總數): 5; 臀鰭軟條: 4. This species is distinguished in having the illicium with a bulbous distal light organ, originating from behind the tip of the snout; external second cephalic ray absent; esca without bony denticles; posterior appendage present, bifurcated at the base and each primary branch had a side branch near the base; distal appendage absent (Ref. 80772). Metamorphosed females characterized further by having a series of 2-7 filaments emerging from the anterior margin of the 2 primary branches of paired posterior escal appendage; posterolateral appendages simple or bifurcated at tip, longest is less than 10% SL in specimens less than 10 cm; presence of small dermal spinules on stem of illicium, escal bulb and escal appendages in specimens greater than 3 cm; low and indistinct papillae of snout and chin; skin devoid of white patches; caudal fin rays white or faintly pigmented in specimens less than 10 cm. Adult males with 11-13 olfactory lamellae; diameter of posterior nostril 5.7-6.7% SL, length of snout 17-18% SL; presence of about 20-25 upper denticular teeth and 22-32 lower denticular teeth (Ref. 86949).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Mesopelagic species (Ref. 7300).

海洋中層魚種.(參考文獻 7300)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

南半球除東太平洋環球分佈於。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 11 October 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2.3 - 10, mean 7.1 °C (based on 612 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.70 se; based on food items.
回復力
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .