Phrynorhombus norvegicus, Norwegian topknot

Phrynorhombus norvegicus (Günther, 1862)

Norwegian topknot
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Phrynorhombus norvegicus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Phrynorhombus norvegicus (Norwegian topknot)
Phrynorhombus norvegicus
Picture by Svensen, E.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Scophthalmidae (Turbots)
Etymology: Phrynorhombus: Greek, phryne = toad + Greek, rhombos = paralelogram (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Günther.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser benthopelagisch; tiefenbereich 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388), usually 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 71°N - 46°N, 25°W - 25°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: off Iceland and from Murman coast to Bay of Biscay.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4703)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rough scales on both sides. Dorsal fin origin above upper eye. Pelvic and anal fins not used (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs on rocky bottoms between 10 and 180 m. Feeds on small fish and invertebrates (Ref. 4703). Spawns in April - July (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Nielsen, J.G., 1986. Scophthalmidae. p. 1287-1293. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4703)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 15 October 2013

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.3 - 12.5, mean 10 (based on 1188 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00508 - 0.02060), b=2.99 (2.81 - 3.17), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.60 se; Based on food items.
Generation time: 1.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .