Coregonus albula (Linnaeus, 1758)

Vendace
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Coregonus albula   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Coregonus albula (Vendace)
Coregonus albula
Picture by Ekeli, K.O.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Salmoniformes (Salmons) > Salmonidae (Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; zoetwater; brakwater benthopelagisch; anadroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 30 - ? m.   Temperate; 66°N - 59°N, 16°E - 31°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Europe: Baltic basin, lakes of upper Volga drainage (Seliger, Vseluga, Perejaslavskoe), some lakes of White sea basin and North Sea basin east of Elbe drainage. Anadromous in Gulf of Finland and marine in northernmost freshened part of Gulf of Bothnia; north to about 69° N in Lake Inari, northern Finland; lower Rhine (now extirpated). Frequently stocked in lakes and reservoirs in Germany and Poland. Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna).

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 48.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 556); common length : 20.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 556); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 1.0 kg (Ref. 556); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 10 jaren (Ref. 593)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 11-13; Anale stekels 0; Anale zachte stralen: 13 - 17

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Lacustrine and marine in open water. At sea, forages close to coast (Ref. 59043). Forms pelagic schools in deeper lakes (Ref. 4779). Spawns along shores, at 3-10 m depth, rarely to 22 m depth or just below surface. Spawns deeper in clear lakes and closer to surface in lakes with humic waters (Ref. 59043). Spawns on shallow sand or gravel substrate. Anadromous in the Baltic. Feeds on planktonic crustaceans (Ref. 4779).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Ascend a short distance up the rivers in shoals in late August to mid-October. Mature in the second year (lacustrine forms later) and the young ones descend in late summer (Ref. 4779).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Svetovidov, A.N., 1984. Salmonidae. p. 373-385. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 1. (Ref. 4779)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Niet bedreigd (LC) ; Date assessed: 05 March 2010

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: commercieel; Aquacultuur: experimenteel
FAO(Visserij: production; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Populaire namen
Synoniemen
Metabolisme
Predators
Ecotoxicologie
Voortplanting
Geslachtsrijpheid
Kuitschieten
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eieren
Ontwikkeling van de eieren
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2.1 - 4.5, mean 2.6 (based on 38 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00388 - 0.00564), b=3.21 (3.17 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.17 se; Based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.3-0.7; tm=2; tmax=10; Fec=2,000).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.