Makaira nigricans, Blue marlin : fisheries, gamefish
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Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802

Blue marlin
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Makaira nigricans   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Makaira nigricans (Blue marlin)
Makaira nigricans
Female picture by Baumeier, E.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Istiophoridae (Billfishes)
Etymology: Makaira: Greek,makaira, -as = happy, rich (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lacepède.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas; oceandromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 43).   Subtropical; 22°C - 31°C (Ref. 43); 50°N - 45°S, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 43)

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Atlantic Ocean: in tropical and temperate waters. We follow Nakamura 1985 (Ref. 43) in recognizing Makaira mazara and Makaira nigricans as two distinct species chiefly because of differences in the pattern of the lateral line system. Many scientists, however, do not recognize this character as specifically diagnostic and consider the latter species as a single pantropical species occurring in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).

Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - ? cm
Max length : 500 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 11441); 500.0 cm TL (female); common length : 290 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 6659); peso máx. publicado: 636.0 kg (Ref. 40637); peso máx. publicado: 636.0 kg

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Raios dorsais (total): 45-50; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais : 19 - 23. Body blue-black above and silvery white below, with about 15 rows of pale cobalt-colored stripes; 1st dorsal fin plain blackish or dark blue, other fins brown black with a tinge of dark blue in some specimens; anal fin bases with a tinge of silvery white. Lateral line a network of interconnecting canals (Ref. 26938).

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

An oceanic species. Water color affects its occurrence, at least in the northern Gulf of Mexico, where the fish show preference for blue water. Rarely gathers in schools and usually found as scattered single individuals. Feeds mainly on fishes but also preys on octopods and squids. Marketed fresh or frozen (Ref. 43). Feeding takes place during daytime. Maturity reached at about 80 cm in males and 50 cm in females (Ref. 36731). Females grow larger (Ref. 4770). Recent study indicates maximum age close to 20 years using a series of deductions in the ¹?C dating method (Ref. 120707).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Subripe ova are opaque, white to yellow, and 0.3 to 0.5 mm in diameter. Transparent spherical eggs flowing out of a ripe ovary measured 1 mm in diameter.

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Nakamura, I., 1985. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 5. Billfishes of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(5):65p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 43)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 120744)

  Vulnerável, ver Livro Vermelho da UICN (VU) (A2bd); Date assessed: 15 September 2010

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: espcies comerciais; peixe esportivo: sim
FAO(pescarias: produo; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Nomes comuns
Sinônimos
Metabolismo
Predadores
Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Agregação de desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Referências
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Perfil para aquacultura
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Genética
Frequências alélicas
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Fontes da internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 11.5 - 27.3, mean 22.4 (based on 477 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7505   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00253 - 0.00720), b=3.12 (2.97 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 3.4 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.1-0.3).
Prior r = 0.53, 95% CL = 0.35 - 0.80, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   High.