Chitala chitala, Clown knifefish : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium

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Chitala chitala (Hamilton, 1822)

Clown knifefish
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Chitala chitala
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分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Notopteridae (Featherbacks or knifefishes) > Notopterinae
Etymology: Chitala: Bangladesh local name;  chitala: From rivers of Bengal & Behar.  More on author: Hamilton.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態学

; 新鮮な水 底生の; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19.   Tropical; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

Asia: Indus, Ganges-Brahmaputra and Mahanadi river basins in India. No valid records from Irrawaddy, Salween or other river basins of Myanmar. Reports of Chitala chitala from Thailand and Indo-China were based on Chitala ornata and those from Malaysia and Indonesia on Chitala lopis.

Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm 75.5  range ? - 91 cm
Max length : 122 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 4832); common length : 75.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 2686)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 9; 肛門の骨 0; 臀鰭: 117 - 127. The only species in which subadults and adults have a series of transverse gold or silver bars on the dorsum, but this color feature is not always present (Ref. 7431). Differs from C. ornata in never having ocellated spots and from C. blanci and C. lopis in never having a black spot on the pectoral fin base (Ref. 7431).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Adults inhabit freshwater rivers, lakes, beels, nullahs in the plains (Ref. 41236), reservoirs, canals and ponds (Ref. 1479). Feed on aquatic insects, mollusks, shrimps and small fishes (Ref. 1479). Females lay eggs usually on stake or stump of wood, males fan them with tail, keep them aerated and silt-free, guard them against small catfish and other predators; complete give-away to fishermen; females not observed at egg posts; moderately important food fish (Ref. 2686). Spawn once a year during May to August (Ref. 6459).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

The male tends the clutch (Ref. 2060).

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター | 協力者

Roberts, T.R., 1992. Systematic revision of the old world freshwater fish family Notopteridae. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 2(4):361-383. (Ref. 7431)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 123251)

  絶滅危惧に近い (NT) ; Date assessed: 28 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless





Human uses

水産業: 少数商業の; 水産養殖: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい; 水族館・水槽: 商業
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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共通名の
類義語
代謝
捕食動物
生態毒性
繁殖
成熟
放精
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生産力

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Age/Size
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体長-重さ
Length-length
体長組成
形態計測学
形態学
幼生
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豊度
BRUVS
参考文献
水産養殖
水産養殖の紹介
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遺伝子の
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シガテラ(食中毒の名前)
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インターネットの情報源

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5166   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.59 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  手段, 1.4年~4.4年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (tm=2).
弱み (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
価格帯 (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 85.7 [31.9, 252.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.42 [0.58, 3.22] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.3 [15.8, 19.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.275 [0.122, 0.660] g/100g ; Selenium = 78.8 [31.3, 226.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.7 [3.8, 63.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.716 [0.383, 1.756] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.