Boops boops, Bogue : fisheries, gamefish, bait

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Boops boops (Linnaeus, 1758)

Bogue
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Boops boops   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Boops boops
Picture by Pontes, M.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies) 鯛科 (Porgies)
Etymology: Boops: Greek, bous = caw + Greek, ops = appearance, 1854 (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 0 - 350 m (Ref. 26999), usually 0 - 100 m (Ref. 26999).   亞熱帶的; 63°N - 16°S, 30°W - 42°E (Ref. 54286)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Angola, including the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, and the Sao Tome-Principe Islands. Common from Bay of Biscay to Gibraltar (Ref. 4781). Also found in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
東大西洋: 挪威到安哥拉, 包括加納利群島,維德角, 與聖多美-普林西比島的島。 普遍的從比斯開灣到直布羅陀.(參考文獻 4781) 也發現於地中海與黑海。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 14.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 115876); common length : 20.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 3397); 最大體重: 455.00 g (Ref. 115876)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 13 - 15; 背的軟條 (總數): 12-16; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 14 - 16. Body slender, with 3 - 5 weak, golden longitudinal stripes and a black spot at the pectoral fin base (Ref. 35388).
身體細長的, 有三個 - 在胸鰭基底的 5條弱的, 金的縱向斑紋與一個黑色的斑點.(參考文獻 35388)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on the shelf or coastal pelagic on various bottoms (sand, mud, rocks and seaweeds). Gregarious, ascending to the surface mainly at night. Omnivorous, feeding mainly on crustaceans, also planktophagous. Hermaphroditic, generally protogynous. Also caught in pelagic trawls (Ref. 9987). Utilized fresh and frozen; consumed pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9987).

在各種不同的底部 (沙子,泥,岩石與海草) 上棲息於大陸棚或海岸的大洋性了。 群居的, 對表面主要地上溯在晚上。 雜食性,主要捕食甲殼動物, 也 planktophagous。 雌雄同體的, 通常雌性先熟的。 也捕獲大洋性的拖網。 (參考文獻 9987) 生鮮使用與冷凍; 消費油鍋炸的, 火烤的與燒烤。 (參考文獻 9987)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Conflicting descriptions of the reproductive style of this species have been reported, Ref. 34225 describe this species as being a gonochorist (Ref. 28504). Also Ref. 32206, 103751.東大西洋: 挪威到安哥拉, 包括加納利群島,維德角, 與聖多美-普林西比島的島。 普遍的從比斯開灣到直布羅陀.(參考文獻 4781) 也發現於地中海與黑海。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 14 August 2009

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 高經濟性; 游釣魚種: 是的; 誘餌: usually
FAO(漁業: 產生, 魚種描繪; publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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生態毒物學
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孕卵數

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 11.7 - 27.7, mean 17.8 (based on 912 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00948 - 0.01157), b=3.00 (2.97 - 3.03), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 5.2 (4.1 - 6.4) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 23 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.16-0.4; tm=1-2; Fec=395,000).
Prior r = 0.59, 95% CL = 0.39 - 0.89, Based on 13 stock assessments.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   High.