分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Perch-likes) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Amphiprioninae
Etymology: Amphiprion: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, prion, -onos = saw (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海; 汽水性の 関連する礁; 移住性ではない; 深さの範囲 1 - 38 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 34°N - 22°S, 96°E - 156°E (Ref. 55269)
Western Pacific: Gulf of Thailand and Cocos-Keeling in the eastern Indian Ocean to Samoa and Tonga (Ref. 53797), north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Great Barrier Reef, and New Caledonia.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 9710)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 9 - 10; 背鰭 (合計): 16-17; 肛門の骨 2; 臀鰭: 12 - 13.
Adults inhabit lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 1602). Mainly diurnal. Non-burrowing. Monogamous (Ref. 52884). A protandrous hermaphrodite (Ref. 32166). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Associated with the anemones: Heteractis magnifica (usually), Heteractis crispa, Macrodactyla doreensis, and Stichodactyla gigantea (Ref. 5911). In Bali they occur together with the closely related Indian Ocean species A. akallopison and have even been found sharing the same anemone (Ref. 48636). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35413, 35418, 35420).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). One pair spawns several times per year. Annual fecundity is estimated to be 2,000 to 4,000 eggs. Size at sex change = 5.4 cm TL (Ref. 55367). Also Ref. 240, 7471.
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
水産業: 興味がない; 水族館・水槽: 商業
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.2 - 29, mean 28 °C (based on 668 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02291 (0.01049 - 0.05001), b=2.99 (2.79 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 2.2 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.48; tm=1.75-1.83; annual Fec=2,000-4,000).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .