Caranx sexfasciatus, Bigeye trevally : fisheries, gamefish
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Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825

Bigeye trevally
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Caranx sexfasciatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Caranx sexfasciatus (Bigeye trevally)
Caranx sexfasciatus
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Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes(род, виды) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Carangiformes (Jacks) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Caranx: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range экология

; морской; пресноводный; солоноватоводный ассоциированный с рифами; амфидромный; пределы глубины 0 - 146 m (Ref. 57178). Tropical; 26°C - 29°C; 32°N - 36°S, 25°E - 77°W

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Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Hawaii, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: southwestern coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico and the Gulf of California to Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 9283).

Length at first maturity / Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm 42.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 120 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 9987); common length : 60.0 cm FL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 3287); наибольший вес (опубликованные данные): 18.0 kg (Ref. 9987)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 9; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 19-22; колючие лучи анального плавника 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 14 - 17; позвонки: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: dorsal profile moderately convex anteriorly; adipose eyelid well developed, moderate anteriorly, posterior eyelid extends onto eye to rear border of pupil; gill rakers (including rudiments) 6-8 + 15-19 = 21-25; straight part of lateral line with 0-3 anterior scales followed by 27-36 strong, dark scutes; breast completely scaly; vertebrae 10+15; upper jaw with outer row of strong canines widely spaced in adults, and an inner band of small villiform teeth, widest at symphysis; on lower limb of first gill arch jaw with a single row of strong conical teeth widely spaced in adults. Colour in life with adults' head and body silvery olive to iridescent blue-green above, silvery olive to whitish below; small blackish spot, much smaller than pupil diameter, at upper angle of opercle (this spot evident on specimens of about 14 cm fork length); second dorsal fin olive to blackish, the lobe with a white tip (white tip becomes more obvious with increasing size) (Ref. 9894).

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Adults inhabit coastal and oceanic waters associated with reefs (Ref. 9283, 58302). Pelagic at 1-96 m (Ref. 58302). They are often seen in large daytime schools but solitary at night when feeding (Ref. 90102). During the day they are usually seen milling in stationary aggregations (Ref. 44894), forming slow-moving schools in the passes or outside the reef (Ref. 4795). Juveniles may be encountered in estuaries (Ref. 9283, 44894), occasionally entering rivers and penetrating well inland (Ref. 2847, 44894). Adults feed mainly on fishes, squids and crustaceans (Ref. 9283, Ref. 90102). They are caught mainly on hook-and-line; also with gill nets, purse seines, and other artisanal gear (Ref. 9894). Marketed fresh, dried or salted (Ref. 9283) and frozen (Ref. 9987). Consumed broiled and baked (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | соавторы

Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 125652)

  Не вызывающий беспокойства (LC) ; Date assessed: 13 December 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Harmless





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дополнительная информация

народные названия
синонимы
обмен веществ
хищники
экотоксикология
размножение
половая зрелость
нерест
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
икра
Развитие икры
ссылки
аквакультура (рыбоводство)
особенности рыбоводства
степень растяжения
генетика
частоты аллелей
наследуемость
болезни
обработка
Nutrients
Mass conversion
соавторы
изображения
Stamps, Coins Misc.
звуки
Ciguatera
скорость
тип плавания
жаберная область
Otoliths
мозг
зрение

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 22.3 - 28.9, mean 27.3 °C (based on 2054 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.01487 - 0.02227), b=2.95 (2.92 - 2.98), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
устойчивость к внешним воздействиям (Ref. 120179):  средний (среднего размера), минимальное время удвоения популяции 1.4-4.4 года (K=0.24).
Prior r = 0.46, 95% CL = 0.30 - 0.68, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (45 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649):  High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100).
Категория цены (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 17.2 [7.2, 39.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.379 [0.190, 0.762] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [16.9, 21.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.291 [0.134, 0.632] g/100g ; Selenium = 49.3 [18.0, 137.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 83.9 [22.6, 299.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.582 [0.371, 0.965] mg/100g (wet weight);