Enchelyopus cimbrius, Fourbeard rockling : fisheries

Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus, 1766)

Fourbeard rockling
Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Enchelyopus cimbrius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Fourbeard rockling)
Enchelyopus cimbrius
Picture by Svensen, R.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Gadiformes (Cods) > Gaidropsaridae (Rocklings)
Etymology: Enchelyopus: Greek, enchelys, = eel + Greek, pous = feet (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; havsvandrande (Ref. 51243); djupintervall 20 - 650 m (Ref. 6144), usually 20 - 50 m.   Temperate; 73°N - 20°N, 99°W - 32°E (Ref. 1371)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Northwest Atlantic: northern Gulf of Mexico to Newfoundland, western Greenland. Northeast Atlantic: coasts of Europe and the British Isles from the Barents Sea to the northern Bay of Biscay. One locality at Cape Blanc, Mauritania. Reported from Estonia (Ref. 33247). Caught very rarely in the Far East (Ref. 94563).

Length at first maturity / Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm 25.0, range 15 - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 1371); common length : 30.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 1371); rapporterad maxålder: 9 år (Ref. 1371)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0. One barbel on chin, one on tip of snout, and one at each of the anterior nostril. First dorsal fin ray very elongate, followed by a row of small, fleshy filaments. Color varies from dusky to pale.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Sedentary bottom dwellers on muddy sand between patches of hard substrate, or on the soft, smooth ground of deep sinks on the continental slopes of both sides of the North Atlantic. Feed on flatfishes, amphipods, decapods, copepods, mysids, shrimps, isopods and other small crustaceans. Spawn in the Baltic Sea (Ref. 35388). Mixed with soups and other products hot-smoked (Ref. 1371).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Spawning has been recorded in waters less than 140 m deep. Fecundity ranges from 5,000 - 45,000.

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell
FAO - fiskeri: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
Förekomster
Utplanteringar
Stocks
Ekologi
Föda
Födoslag
Födointag
Näringsinnehåll
Populärnamn
synonymer
Metabolik
Predatorer
Ekotoxikologi
Reproduktion
Könsmognad
Lek
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
referenser
Vattenbruk
Vattenbruksprofil
Avelslinjer
Genetik
Allelfrekvenser
Ärftlighet
Sjukdomar
Behandling
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Medarbetare
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Ljud
Ciguatera
Hastighet
Simsätt
Gälyta
Otoliths
Hjärnstorlek
Syn

Verktyg

Special reports

Download XML

Internet-källor

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - fiskeri: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationella databaser | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Offentliga akvarier | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.1 - 13.8, mean 10 °C (based on 715 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00244 - 0.00681), b=3.07 (2.92 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Mellan, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 1,4-4,4 år (K=0.20-0.25; tm=3; tmax=9; Fec=5,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 47.5 [23.2, 97.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.281 [0.158, 0.533] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.9, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.395 [0.214, 0.718] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.4 [10.6, 44.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.9 [3.4, 40.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.635 [0.412, 1.024] mg/100g (wet weight);