Enchelyopus cimbrius, Fourbeard rockling : fisheries

Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus, 1766)

Fourbeard rockling
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Enchelyopus cimbrius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Fourbeard rockling)
Enchelyopus cimbrius
Picture by Svensen, R.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes(Género, Espécies) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Gadiformes (Cods) > Gaidropsaridae (Rocklings)
Etymology: Enchelyopus: Greek, enchelys, = eel + Greek, pous = feet (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas demersal; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 20 - 650 m (Ref. 6144), usually 20 - 50 m.   Temperate; 73°N - 20°N, 99°W - 32°E (Ref. 1371)

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Northwest Atlantic: northern Gulf of Mexico to Newfoundland, western Greenland. Northeast Atlantic: coasts of Europe and the British Isles from the Barents Sea to the northern Bay of Biscay. One locality at Cape Blanc, Mauritania. Reported from Estonia (Ref. 33247). Caught very rarely in the Far East (Ref. 94563).

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 25.0, range 15 - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 1371); common length : 30.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 1371); Idade máx. registada: 9 anos (Ref. 1371)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Espinhos anais 0. One barbel on chin, one on tip of snout, and one at each of the anterior nostril. First dorsal fin ray very elongate, followed by a row of small, fleshy filaments. Color varies from dusky to pale.

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Sedentary bottom dwellers on muddy sand between patches of hard substrate, or on the soft, smooth ground of deep sinks on the continental slopes of both sides of the North Atlantic. Feed on flatfishes, amphipods, decapods, copepods, mysids, shrimps, isopods and other small crustaceans. Spawn in the Baltic Sea (Ref. 35388). Mixed with soups and other products hot-smoked (Ref. 1371).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Spawning has been recorded in waters less than 140 m deep. Fecundity ranges from 5,000 - 45,000.

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Preocupação menor (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

Pescarias: pouco comercial
FAO - pescarias: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mais informação

Nomes comuns
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Metabolismo
Predadores
Ecotoxicologia
Reprodução
Maturidade
Desova
Agregação para desova
Fecundidade
Ovos
Desenvolvimento dos ovos
Referências
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Perfil para aquacultura
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Genética
Frequência dos alelos
Hereditariedade
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Nutrients
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
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Tipo de natação
Área branquial
Outras referências
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Relatórios especiais

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Fontes da internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Consultar FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Género, Espécies | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - pescarias: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genoma, nucleotídeo | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de dados nacionais | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Aquários públicos | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Árvore da vida | Wikipedia: ir para, procurar | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Registo zoológico

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.1 - 13.8, mean 10 °C (based on 715 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00244 - 0.00681), b=3.07 (2.92 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.20-0.25; tm=3; tmax=9; Fec=5,000).
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 47.5 [23.2, 97.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.281 [0.158, 0.533] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.9, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.395 [0.214, 0.718] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.4 [10.6, 44.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.9 [3.4, 40.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.635 [0.412, 1.024] mg/100g (wet weight);