Enchelyopus cimbrius, Fourbeard rockling : fisheries

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Enchelyopus cimbrius (Linnaeus, 1766)

Fourbeard rockling
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Enchelyopus cimbrius   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Enchelyopus cimbrius (Fourbeard rockling)
Enchelyopus cimbrius
Picture by Svensen, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Gadiformes (Cods) > Gaidropsaridae (Rocklings)
Etymology: Enchelyopus: Greek, enchelys, = eel + Greek, pous = feet (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser demersal; ozeanodrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich 20 - 650 m (Ref. 6144), usually 20 - 50 m.   Temperate; 73°N - 20°N, 99°W - 32°E (Ref. 1371)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Northwest Atlantic: northern Gulf of Mexico to Newfoundland, western Greenland. Northeast Atlantic: coasts of Europe and the British Isles from the Barents Sea to the northern Bay of Biscay. One locality at Cape Blanc, Mauritania. Reported from Estonia (Ref. 33247). Caught very rarely in the Far East (Ref. 94563).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 25.0, range 15 - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 1371); common length : 30.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 1371); max. veröff. Alter: 9 Jahre (Ref. 1371)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 0; Afterflossenstacheln 0. One barbel on chin, one on tip of snout, and one at each of the anterior nostril. First dorsal fin ray very elongate, followed by a row of small, fleshy filaments. Color varies from dusky to pale.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Sedentary bottom dwellers on muddy sand between patches of hard substrate, or on the soft, smooth ground of deep sinks on the continental slopes of both sides of the North Atlantic. Feed on flatfishes, amphipods, decapods, copepods, mysids, shrimps, isopods and other small crustaceans. Spawn in the Baltic Sea (Ref. 35388). Mixed with soups and other products hot-smoked (Ref. 1371).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Spawning has been recorded in waters less than 140 m deep. Fecundity ranges from 5,000 - 45,000.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: weniger kommerziell
FAO - Fischereien: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Fischereien: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Öffentliche Aquarien | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 4.1 - 13.8, mean 10 °C (based on 715 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00244 - 0.00681), b=3.07 (2.92 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.20-0.25; tm=3; tmax=9; Fec=5,000).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Very high.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 47.5 [23.2, 97.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.281 [0.158, 0.533] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [15.9, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.395 [0.214, 0.718] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.4 [10.6, 44.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.9 [3.4, 40.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.635 [0.412, 1.024] mg/100g (wet weight);