Lethrinus ornatus, Ornate emperor : fisheries

Lethrinus ornatus Valenciennes 1830

Ornate emperor
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Lethrinus ornatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lethrinus ornatus (Ornate emperor)
Lethrinus ornatus
Picture by Allen, G.R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc () > Lethrinidae (Emperors or scavengers) > Lethrininae
Etymology: Lethrinus: Greek, lethrinia, a fish pertaining to genus Pagellus.  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 5 - 30 m (Ref. 37816).   熱帶; 30°N - 27°S, 70°E - 154°E

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Indo-West Pacific: Maldives (Ref. 30829) and Sri Lanka to the Ryukyu Islands, Papua New Guinea, and northeast Australia. Reported from Viet Nam but this is probably a misidentification (Ref. 2682).
印度-西太平洋: 馬爾地夫 (參考文獻 30829) 與斯里蘭卡到琉球群島,巴布亞新幾內亞與澳洲東北部。 記錄來自越南了但是這可能是一個錯誤的鑑定.(參考文獻 2682)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 20 cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 48635)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 10; 背的软条 (总数): 9; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body relatively deep, its depth 2.3-2.6 times in standard length. Head length 0.8-0.9 times in body depth, 2.7-3 times in SL, dorsal profile near eye convex; snout length about 2-2.5 times in HL, measured without the lip the snout is 0.9-1.1 times in cheek height, its dorsal profile nearly straight or slightly concave, snout angle relative to upper jaw between 65° and 75°; interorbital space convex; posterior nostril a longitudinal oblong opening, closer to orbit than anterior nostril; eye situated close to dorsal profile, its length 3.3-4.1 times in HL; cheek height 2.2-2.8 times in HL; lateral teeth in jaws rounded with points or molars; outer surface of maxilla usually smooth, sometimes with a longitudinal ridge. D X,9 with the 4th or 5th dorsal-fin spine the longest, its length 2.7-3.3 times in body depth; A III,8 with the first soft ray usually the longest, its length longer than length of base of soft-rayed portion of anal fin and 1.1-1.5 times in length of entire anal-fin base; pectoral-fin rays 13; pelvic-fin membranes between rays closest to body without dense melanophores; cheek without scales; 46-47 lateral-line scales; 5 ½ scale rows between lateral line and base of middle dorsal-fin spines; 15-16 scale rows in transverse series between origin of anal fin and lateral line; 13-15 rows in lower series of scales around caudal peduncle; usually 3-8 scales in supratemporal patch; inner surface of pectoral-fin base densely covered with scales; posterior angle of operculum fully scaly. Colour of body dusky whitish, lighter below, with 5-6 orange stripes; posterior edge of opercle and preopercle bright red (the former more conspicuous); head brown or tan, sometimes a red spot on lower front edge of eye; pectoral fins orangish; pelvic and anal fins, and most of dorsal fin whitish; edge of dorsal and caudal fins reddish (Ref. 114226).
体色是暗色的微白色的, 变成腹面颜色较淡, 有四个或六条橘色的斑纹。 鳃盖与前鳃盖骨的后缘是鲜红色。 头部是褐色或者黄褐色的, 在眼的下面前缘上有时有一个红色的斑点。 胸鳍是橘色的; 腹鳍, 肛门而大部分的背鳍是微白色的。 背部的边缘与尾鳍是淡红的。 (参考文献 2295)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits sandy and soft bottoms and seagrass beds in inshore bays, lagoons and areas adjacent to reefs. Usually in small groups (Ref. 48635). Feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, polychaetes and small fishes. Juveniles commonly visit the tidal reef flats to feed when the water is high (Ref. 48635). Caught by trap, handline, shore seine, trawl, and handline. Minor importance in fisheries where it occurs (Ref. 68703).

在近海海湾,泻湖与邻近礁的区域中栖息于砂质与软质底部与海草床。 通常形成小的群。 (参考文献 48635) 吃甲壳动物,软件动物,棘皮动物,多毛类动物与小鱼。 稚鱼通常留在潮汐的礁石平台觅食当水位高时.(参考文献 48635)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-西太平洋: 馬爾地夫 (參考文獻 30829) 與斯里蘭卡到琉球群島,巴布亞新幾內亞與澳洲東北部。 記錄來自越南了但是這可能是一個錯誤的鑑定.(參考文獻 2682)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Carpenter, K.E. and G.R. Allen, 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 9. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(9):118 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 2295)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.5 - 29.3, mean 28.7 °C (based on 2098 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.01040 - 0.03184), b=3.03 (2.88 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.43 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.4-0.5).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.