Apterichtus caecus, European finless eel

Apterichtus caecus (Linnaeus, 1758)

European finless eel
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Apterichtus caecus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Apterichtus caecus
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Apterichtus: From the Greek απτερόν (apteron), without fins, and ίχθύς (ichtus, more correctly written ichthys; masculine), fish..  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 深度上下限 - 85 m (Ref. 101270), usually - m (Ref. ).   亞熱帶的; 0°C - ; 46°N - 4°S, 32°W - 17°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Western and eastern Mediterranean, eastern Atlantic south to Azores, Madeira, and the Canary islands.
東大西洋: 巴里亞利島, 與可能所有的地中海西部包括亞速群島; 而且從幾內亞灣, 只基於了一個成魚與一個仔魚.(參考文獻 4455)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3397)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

脊椎骨: 132 - 139. This species is distinguished by the following characters: tail 1.6-1.7, head 12-15, and body depth 56-83 in total length; preopercular pores 4 and there are 5 pores in supratemporal canal; teeth conical and uniserial on jaws, becoming biserial on vomer of large specimens, vomerine teeth 8-14; when fresh body ochre in color with numerous small dark brown spots, those spots forming a continuous mid-dorsal band, yellowish on ventral surface; the head with dark brown spots over a pale background, a prominent horizontal white patch beneath and behind the orbit; MVF 52-134, total vertebrae 132-139 (n=6) (Ref. 101270).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Burrows in sand or mud on the continental shelf (Ref. 4455); usually in fine sand (Ref. 101270).

穴居在沙中或在大陆架上的泥.(参考文献 4455)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東大西洋: 巴里亞利島, 與可能所有的地中海西部包括亞速群島; 而且從幾內亞灣, 只基於了一個成魚與一個仔魚.(參考文獻 4455)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McCosker, John | 合作者

McCosker, J.E. and Y. Hibino, 2015. A review of the finless snake eels of the genus Apterichtus (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae), with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 3941(1):49-78. (Ref. 101270)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 October 2011

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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网络资源

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.1 - 21, mean 19.1 °C (based on 58 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00054 - 0.00308), b=2.92 (2.72 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.1   ±0.64 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .