分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
(Cods) > Gaidropsaridae
Etymology: Gaidropsarus: Greek, ga, ge = the earth + Greek, ydro = water + Greek psaros = speckled, starling (Ref. 45335). More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海; 汽水性の 底生の; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 1 - 450 m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 5°C - 18°C (Ref. 12468); 62°N - 33°N, 10°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic: southern Norway, around the western shores of the British Isles to the southwestern European and northwestern African coasts, and southern European coasts in the Mediterranean Sea, into the Black Sea, .
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 1371)
背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 肛門の骨 0. First dorsal-fin ray followed by a few small fleshy filament. Color varies, brown sometimes reddish and with a vermiculated or mottled pattern dorsally. Paler ventrally. The median fin borders dark (Ref. 1371). One barbel on the lower jaw and two on the snout. Marbled coloration on the back (Ref. 35388).
Lives generally at shallow depths near the shores on rocky bottom with aquatic vegetation to 60 m depth. Feeds on fish, crustaceans, worms and algae. Sold fresh in markets, also made into fish meal (Ref. 1371). Caught as a by-catch by various fishing gears (Ref. 35388).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7 - 15.2, mean 10.1 °C (based on 505 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00318 - 0.00572), b=3.08 (3.00 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 高い, １５か月以下の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 74 [31, 153] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.466 [0.244, 0.909] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.9 [14.9, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.768 [0.340, 1.757] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.6 [8.0, 66.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.6 [1.4, 26.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.789 [0.509, 1.340] mg/100g (wet weight);