Pellona ditchela, Indian pellona : fisheries, bait

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Pellona ditchela Valenciennes 1847

Indian pellona
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Pellona ditchela   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pellona ditchela (Indian pellona)
Pellona ditchela
Picture by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Pristigasteridae (Pristigasterids)
Etymology: Pellona: Derived from Latin, pellis = skin (Ref. 45335);  ditchela: Dedicated to the Dutch zoologist J. Van der Hoeven (Ref. 1846).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 大洋性; 溯河洄游 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 6 - 55 m (Ref. 12260).   熱帶; 25°N - 30°S, 43°E - 155°E (Ref. 54703)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Indian Ocean: east coast of Africa northward from about Durban (Ref. 3509) to the Gulf of Oman (Ref. 188), including Madagascar (Ref. 188, 3509), the coasts of India and Andaman Sea (Ref. 188, 6867), and south to western Australia (Ref. 188); also South China Sea (Ref. 188), and Indonesia to northern Australia and Papua New Guinea (Ref. 188, 6867).
印度-西太平洋: 馬達加斯加, 與從南非的德爾班到阿曼灣與印度海岸。 從安達曼海到印尼與菲律賓, 向東南到阿拉弗拉海 (參考文獻 9819) ,北部與澳洲西部與巴布亞新幾內亞。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 13.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 188); common length : 13.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2871)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 16-19; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 34 - 42. Diagnosis: Body moderately deep, compressed, belly with strongly keeled scutes, 17-20 pre-pelvic and 8-10 post-pelvic scutes, with a total of total 25-29 scutes (Ref. 188, 6867). Eye large; lower jaw projecting; upper jaw with a toothed hypomaxillary bone between hind tip of pre-maxilla and lower bulge of maxilla blade; lower gillrakers 22-27; dorsal fin origin near midpoint of body; pelvic fins present; anal fin with 34-42 finrays; scales with upper and lower vertical striae slightly overlapping each other at centre of scales (Ref. 188). It closely resembles Pellona dayi, which has only 20-21 lower gillrakers and the vertical scale striae not meeting at centre of scale; species of Ilisha have no hypomaxilla; other pristigasterids are much more slender and lack pelvic fins (Ref. 188).
通常腹面有 18 或者 19+8 或者 9,总计 26 到 28个鳞甲, 有明显的龙骨。 眼大的, 下颌突出的; 而且上颌有在前颚骨与颚骨叶片的低凸起的后部顶端之间的一个有齿的皮下注射-上颌骨的硬骨。 在身体中央附近的背鳍起点。 在鳞片中央鳞片有上、下垂直的陷纹些微部分重叠的彼此。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

A pelagic species found in coastal areas (Ref. 2871, 6867) at depths from 6 to 36 meters (Ref. 3225); occasionally entering mangrove swamps and penetrating estuaries into freshwater (Ref. 188, 3509, 54703). Apparently fully euryhaline (Ref. 188). Marketed fresh and may be dried or salted (Ref. 5284). Regarded as an excellent bait in the tuna fishery.

出现于沿岸区域, 也进入红树林区域与河口 , 与淡水, 如此显然地完全广盐性。 在市场上销售生鲜地而且可能是乾燥或盐腌.(参考文献 5284) 在鲔鱼业中被认为一个优良的诱饵了。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-西太平洋: 馬達加斯加, 與從南非的德爾班到阿曼灣與印度海岸。 從安達曼海到印尼與菲律賓, 向東南到阿拉弗拉海 (參考文獻 9819) ,北部與澳洲西部與巴布亞新幾內亞。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 30 June 2016

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 诱饵: usually
FAO(渔业: 产生, 物种外形; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank(基因组, 核苷酸) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia(转至, 搜寻) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.4 - 29.1, mean 28.3 °C (based on 884 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00435 - 0.01101), b=3.10 (2.97 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (K=0.28-0.74).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.