Craterocephalus mugiloides, Spotted hardyhead

Craterocephalus mugiloides (McCulloch, 1912)

Spotted hardyhead
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Craterocephalus mugiloides   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Craterocephalus mugiloides (Spotted hardyhead)
Craterocephalus mugiloides
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Atheriniformes (Silversides) > Atherinidae (Silversides) > Craterocephalinae
Etymology: Craterocephalus: Greek, krater, -eros = bowl, mixing vessel + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater; diepteverspreiding - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C - ; 11°S - 21°S

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Central Pacific: northern Australia, from Western Australia to Fraser Island, around the islands of the Gulf of Carpentaria, and northeast Queensland.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 9760)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Anale stekels 1. Labial ligament inserting adjacent to symphysis of dentary. Lateral process of premaxilla pungent. Gill rakers on first lower gill arch, 13-17. Body scales on large specimens usually crenulated, midlateral scales 33-37. Black spot often present at base of pectoral fin.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Mainly coastal and estuarine, often schooling with C. capreoli, Atherinomorus endrachtensis and A. ogilbyi. Diet includes crustaceans and diatoms. Breeds from December to March throughout the southern hemisphere. Appears to have a one year life span. May be food fish for larger commercially important fishes.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Dyer, Brian S. | Medewerkers

Ivantsoff, W. and L.E.L.M. Crowley, 1999. Atherinidae. Silversides (or hardyheads). p. 2113-2139. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9760)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 124695)


CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.3 - 28.7, mean 27.7 °C (based on 250 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  2.8   ±0.36 se; based on food items.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Hoog, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd minder dan 15 maanden (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .