Pseudobatos percellens, Chola guitarfish : fisheries, aquarium

Pseudobatos percellens (Walbaum, 1792)

Chola guitarfish
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Pseudobatos percellens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pseudobatos percellens (Chola guitarfish)
Pseudobatos percellens
Picture by Carvalho Filho, A.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes(वर्ग, प्रजाति) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

इलाज़मौबरांकी (शारक और रेज़) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes)
  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री ड़िमरसल; गहराई सीमा - 110 m (Ref. 6902), usually - 80 m (Ref. 50163).   Subtropical; 0°C - ; 18°N - 27°S, 82°W - 33°W (Ref. 114953)

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Caribbean to Brazil, and possibly further south to northern Argentina (Ref. 114953). Eastern Atlantic: tropical waters of West Africa.

Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm 58.3  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm WD पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 5217); common length : 70.0 cm WD पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 5217); अधिकतम प्रकाशित वज़न: 955.10 g (Ref. 118626)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

Shorter nostrils, no enlarged tubercles on the tip of the snout. Olive gray, reddish brown or chocolate brown. Pale translucent area on either side of rostral ridges. Darker brown spots or blotches on sides. Lower surface pale yellowish, greyish or dusky white, tip of the snout with a more or less conspicuous sooty blotch (Ref. 6902).

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Found on shallow, soft bottoms. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Flesh considered low quality (Ref. 5217). Traded as an aquarium fish at Ceará, Brazil (Ref. 49392).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449).

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक : McEachran, John | सहयोगीयो

Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez, 1992. Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Endangered (EN) (A2cd); Date assessed: 05 July 2020

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: व्यापारिक; जलजीवालय: व्यापारिक
FAO - मात्स्यिकी: landings; Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

अधिक जानकारी

देश
ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र
Ecosystems
संयोग
भूमिका
Stocks
पारिस्थितिकी
आहार
खाद्य पदार्थ
आहार खपत
खोराक
आम नाम
उपशब्द
चपायचय
परभक्षी
ईकोटोकसीकोलौजी
पुनरुत्पत्ति
परिपक्व अवधि
मछलीऔ का अंडे देना
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
अंडे
Egg development
Age/Size
बाढ़
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
मौरफोमैटरिक्स
आकृति विज्ञान
लार्वा
लारवल गतिकी
भर्ती
बहुतायत
BRUVS
संदर्भ
जलीयकृषि
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
खींच
आनुवंशिकी
ऐल्लि आवृतियाँ
हैरेटिबिलटी
बीमारी
प्रक्रमण
Nutrients
Mass conversion
सहयोगीयो
तस्वीरे
Stamps, Coins Misc.
ध्वनि
सिगुयटिरा
रफ्तार
तैरने के प्रकार
गिल क्षेत्र
Otoliths
दिमाग
दृष्टि

साधन

Special reports

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इंटरनेट स्रोत

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: वर्ग, प्रजाति | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - मात्स्यिकी: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | राष्ट्रीय आंकड़ासंचय | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, खोज | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 19.2 - 28, mean 26.7 °C (based on 456 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00169 - 0.00541), b=3.07 (2.91 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.6   ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179):  निम्न, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 4.5 - 14 वर्ष। (Fec = 2-13).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (59 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 42.2 [7.0, 148.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.901 [0.234, 2.341] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [16.8, 20.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.251 [0.121, 0.504] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.4 [8.2, 82.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 7.13 [2.72, 18.65] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.626 [0.308, 1.547] mg/100g (wet weight);