Molva dypterygia, Blue ling : fisheries

Molva dypterygia (Pennant, 1784)

Blue ling
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Molva dypterygia   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Molva dypterygia
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Gadiformes (Cods) > Lotidae (Hakes and burbots)

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 150 - 1000 m (Ref. 54594), usually 350 - 500 m (Ref. 54594).   溫帶; 0°C - ; 79°N - 29°N, 65°W - 44°E (Ref. 54594)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Southwestern Barents Sea, sometimes north to Spitsbergen, southeastern Greenland, southern coast of Iceland, around the British Isles and south to Morocco and into the western Mediterranean. Northwest Atlantic: Newfoundland.
東北大西洋: 西南方的巴倫支海,有時北至斯匹次卑爾根群島,東南方的格陵蘭,冰島的南部海岸, 英國島的周圍而且南至摩洛哥與進入地中海之內。 西北大西洋: 紐芬蘭。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 86.5  range ? - 88 cm
Max length : 155 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 1371); 最大体重: 30.0 kg (Ref. 35388); 最大年龄: 20 年 (Ref. 1371)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 70 - 81. Lower jaw longer than upper jaw; barbel shorter than eye diameter. Back gray-brown, grading to white ventrally. Posterior portions of vertical fins dark with pale margins.
下颌比上颌长; 触须短于眼直径。 背面灰褐色, 渐层色到腹侧白色的。 垂直的鳍的在后部部分深色且有灰白的边缘。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found mostly from 350-500 m depth on muddy bottoms. Feed on crustaceans and fish (flatfishes, gobies, rocklings) (Ref. 1371).

在泥底部上从 350-500 公尺深大部分发现于了。 吃甲壳类动物和鱼类 (比目鱼,鰕虎鱼 , rocklings) 。 (参考文献 1371)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東北大西洋: 西南方的巴倫支海,有時北至斯匹次卑爾根群島,東南方的格陵蘭,冰島的南部海岸, 英國島的周圍而且南至摩洛哥與進入地中海之內。 西北大西洋: 紐芬蘭。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  不评价 

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 渔业: landings, 物种外形; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 2.1 - 14.1, mean 6.3 °C (based on 199 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00169 - 0.00541), b=3.04 (2.88 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.13-0.16; tm=8-11; tmax=20).
Prior r = 0.35, 95% CL = 0.23 - 0.52, Based on 4 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (75 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 19.6 [9.7, 39.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.221 [0.127, 0.421] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.4, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.39 [0.21, 0.67] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.6 [14.6, 59.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.1 [3.8, 46.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.343 [0.227, 0.569] mg/100g (wet weight);