Microstomus kitt, Lemon sole : fisheries, aquarium

Microstomus kitt (Walbaum, 1792)

Lemon sole
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Microstomus kitt   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Microstomus kitt (Lemon sole)
Microstomus kitt
Picture by Dolgov, A.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Microstomus: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino demersal; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); rango de profundidad 10 - 200 m, usually 10 - 150 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 72°N - 43°N, 26°W - 45°E (Ref. 54592)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to the White Sea and off Iceland.

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 31.5, range 20 - 30 cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 9988); peso máximo publicado: 3.0 kg (Ref. 6112); edad máxima reportada: 23 años (Ref. 6112)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Small head and mouth. Body is oval. Skin is marbled and smooth. Lateral line almost straight, slight curve above the pectoral fin (Ref. 35388).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Lives most often on stony bottoms. Feeds on a variety of small invertebrates, but polychaetes seem to dominate. Apparently they do not feed in wintertime (Ref. 9900). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Spawning is mainly confined to depths of 55-91 m in the northwestern North Sea and commences at a minimum temperature of 6.5 °C in Scottish waters. Sex ratio is about 1:1, but females progressively predominate upon sexual maturity.

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Amaoka, Kunio | Colaboradores

Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau, 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: comercial; Acuario: Acuarios públicos
FAO(pesquerías: producción, species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Más información

Referencias
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heritabilidad
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Fuentes de Internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.1 - 12.5, mean 9.9 (based on 1310 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00667 - 0.00862), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Medio, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo de 1.4-4.4 años (K=0.08-0.42; tm=3-6; tmax=23).
Prior r = 0.71, 95% CL = 0.45 - 1.14, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.