Microstomus kitt, Lemon sole : fisheries, aquarium

Microstomus kitt (Walbaum, 1792)

Lemon sole
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Microstomus kitt   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Microstomus kitt (Lemon sole)
Microstomus kitt
Picture by Dolgov, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Microstomus: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 10 - 200 m, usually 10 - 150 m (Ref. 35388).   溫帶; 72°N - 43°N, 26°W - 45°E (Ref. 54592)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to the White Sea and off Iceland.
東北大西洋: 比斯開灣到白海與外海的冰島。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 31.5, range 20 - 30 cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9988); 最大体重: 3.0 kg (Ref. 6112); 最大年龄: 23 年 (Ref. 6112)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

Small head and mouth. Body is oval. Skin is marbled and smooth. Lateral line almost straight, slight curve above the pectoral fin (Ref. 35388).
小的头部与嘴。 身体是椭圆形。 皮肤被有大理石花纹而且平滑的。 侧线在胸鳍上面的几乎直又轻微的弯曲.(参考文献 35388)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Lives most often on stony bottoms. Feeds on a variety of small invertebrates, but polychaetes seem to dominate. Apparently they do not feed in wintertime (Ref. 9900). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

在多石底部上最时常住。 吃多种小型无脊椎动物,但是多毛类动物似乎占优势。 显然地它们不在冬季中觅食。 (参考文献 9900) 在市场上销售生鲜和冷冻; 清蒸,油炸,火烤, 微波了而且烧烤了.(参考文献 9988)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Spawning is mainly confined to depths of 55-91 m in the northwestern North Sea and commences at a minimum temperature of 6.5 °C in Scottish waters. Sex ratio is about 1:1, but females progressively predominate upon sexual maturity. 東北大西洋: 比斯開灣到白海與外海的冰島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Amaoka, Kunio | 合作者

Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau, 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO(渔业: 产生, 物种外形; publication : search) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.1 - 12.5, mean 9.9 (based on 1310 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00667 - 0.00862), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.08-0.42; tm=3-6; tmax=23).
Prior r = 0.71, 95% CL = 0.45 - 1.14, Based on 1 stock assessment.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.