Microstomus kitt, Lemon sole : fisheries, aquarium

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Microstomus kitt (Walbaum, 1792)

Lemon sole
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Microstomus kitt   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Microstomus kitt (Lemon sole)
Microstomus kitt
Picture by Dolgov, A.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Microstomus: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas demersal; oceandromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 10 - 200 m, usually 10 - 150 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 72°N - 43°N, 26°W - 45°E (Ref. 54592)

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to the White Sea and off Iceland.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 31.5, range 20 - 30 cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 9988); peso máx. Publicado: 3.0 kg (Ref. 6112); Idade máx. registada: 23 anos (Ref. 6112)

Descrição breve Morfologia | Morfometria

Small head and mouth. Body is oval. Skin is marbled and smooth. Lateral line almost straight, slight curve above the pectoral fin (Ref. 35388).

Biologia     Glossário (ex. epibenthic)

Lives most often on stony bottoms. Feeds on a variety of small invertebrates, but polychaetes seem to dominate. Apparently they do not feed in wintertime (Ref. 9900). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Spawning is mainly confined to depths of 55-91 m in the northwestern North Sea and commences at a minimum temperature of 6.5 °C in Scottish waters. Sex ratio is about 1:1, but females progressively predominate upon sexual maturity.

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador : Amaoka, Kunio | Colaboradores

Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau, 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193)

Categoria na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para o homem

  Harmless





Utilização humana

Pescarias: espcies comerciais; Aquário: Aquários públicos
FAO(pescarias: produo, perfil da espécie; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mais informação

Referências
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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.1 - 12.5, mean 9.9 (based on 1310 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00667 - 0.00862), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  Médio, tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (K=0.08-0.42; tm=3-6; tmax=23).
Prior r = 0.71, 95% CL = 0.45 - 1.14, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Very high.