Microstomus kitt, Lemon sole : fisheries, aquarium

Microstomus kitt (Walbaum, 1792)

Lemon sole
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Microstomus kitt   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Microstomus kitt
Picture by Dolgov, A.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ऐकटीनोप्टीरेजी (रेज़-फिन्नढ मछलियाँ) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Microstomus: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री ड़िमरसल; औशिनोड़िरोमस (Ref. 51243); गहराई सीमा 10 - 200 m, usually 10 - 150 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 72°N - 43°N, 26°W - 45°E (Ref. 54592)

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to the White Sea and off Iceland.

Length at first maturity / आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm 31.5, range 20 - 30 cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 9988); अधिकतम प्रकाशित वज़न: 3.0 kg (Ref. 6112); अधिकतम सूचित उम्र: 23 वर्षो (Ref. 6112)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

Small head and mouth. Body is oval. Skin is marbled and smooth. Lateral line almost straight, slight curve above the pectoral fin (Ref. 35388).

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Lives most often on stony bottoms. Feeds on a variety of small invertebrates, but polychaetes seem to dominate. Apparently they do not feed in wintertime (Ref. 9900). Marketed fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, broiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Spawning is mainly confined to depths of 55-91 m in the northwestern North Sea and commences at a minimum temperature of 6.5 °C in Scottish waters. Sex ratio is about 1:1, but females progressively predominate upon sexual maturity.

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक : Amaoka, Kunio | सहयोगीयो

Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau, 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: व्यापारिक; जलजीवालय: सार्वजनिक लजीवालय
FAO(मात्स्यिकी: production, species profile; publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

अधिक जानकारी

संदर्भ
जलीयकृषि
जलीयकृषि रूपरेखा
खींच
आनुवंशिकी
ऐल्लि आवृतियाँ
हैरेटिबिलटी
बीमारी
प्रक्रमण
Mass conversion
सहयोगीयो
तस्वीरे
Stamps, Coins Misc.
ध्वनि
सिगुयटिरा
रफ्तार
तैरने के प्रकार
गिल क्षेत्र
Otoliths
दिमाग
दृष्टि

साधन

Special reports

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इंटरनेट स्रोत

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7.1 - 12.5, mean 9.9 (based on 1310 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5625   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00667 - 0.00862), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.33 se; Based on food items.
लौटाव (Ref. 120179):  माध्यम, न्यूनतम जनसंख्या दुगनी होने का समय 1.4 - 4.4 वर्ष। (K=0.08-0.42; tm=3-6; tmax=23).
Prior r = 0.71, 95% CL = 0.45 - 1.14, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.