Melanogrammus aeglefinus, Haddock : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

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Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Haddock
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Melanogrammus aeglefinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Haddock)
Melanogrammus aeglefinus
Picture by Dolgov, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Melanogrammus: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 10 - 450 m, usually 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388).   溫帶; 79°N - 35°N, 76°W - 62°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitzbergen; in the Barents Sea to Novaya Zemlya; around Iceland; rare at the southern Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: Cape May, New Jersey to the Strait of Belle Isle.
東北大西洋: 對 Spitzbergen 的比斯開灣; 在巴倫支海中對新地島; 冰島的周圍; 稀有的在格陵蘭南部。 西北大西洋: 岬五月, 美女島的紐澤西州到海峽。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 34.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5951); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4645); 最大体重: 16.8 kg (Ref. 9988); 最大年龄: 20 年 (Ref. 4645)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 臀棘 0. Mouth relatively small; lower jaw shorter than the upper jaw; chin barbel rather small. Lateral line dark, uninterrupted to about the end of the body. Lateral-line pores present on head. Scales overlapping. A large dark blotch is above the pectoral fin just below the lateral line.
嘴相当小的; 下颌短于上颌; 下巴触须相当小。 侧线黑的, 不间断的到大约身体的末端。 侧线孔位于头部之上。 鳞片部分重叠的。 一个大的黑色斑块在侧线正下方是上方胸鳍。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found more commonly from 80 to 200 m, over rock, sand, gravel or shells, usually at temperatures between 4° and 10°C. Feed mainly on small bottom-living organisms including crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, worms and fishes (sand lance, capelin, silver hake, American eels, herring and argentines) (Ref. 5951). A batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Undertakes extensive migrations in the Barents Sea and Iceland. Sold fresh, chilled as fillets, frozen, smoked and canned. Also utilized for fish meal and animal feeds. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

从 80 到 200 公尺更通常发现,在岩石,沙子,砾石或贝壳之上, 通常在 4个 ° 与 10个 ° C. 之间的温度 主要吃包括甲壳动物,软件动物,棘皮动物,蠕虫与鱼的小型底栖性生物。 在巴伦支海与冰岛中进行广泛的回游。 生鲜贩卖了, 冷冻的如被冻结, 烟熏而且装于罐头的鱼排。 也利用鱼粉与动物饲料。 能被蒸,油炸,火烤, 煮沸, 微波而且烧烤。 (参考文献 9988)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Spawning occurs in typically marine waters between 50 and 150 m depth (Ref. 1371).東北大西洋: 對 Spitzbergen 的比斯開灣; 在巴倫支海中對新地島; 冰島的周圍; 稀有的在格陵蘭南部。 西北大西洋: 岬五月, 美女島的紐澤西州到海峽。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  次级保育类动物, 见 IUCN 红皮书 (VU) (A1d+2d); Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 高经济性; 养殖: 实验的; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO(养殖: 产生; 渔业: 产生, 物种外形; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.4 - 12.1, mean 8.4 (based on 1651 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00581 - 0.00751), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.8 (4.4 - 5.0) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 40 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (rm=0.54-1.2; K=0.12-0.30; tm=2-6.5; tmax=20; Fec=100,000).
Prior r = 0.50, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.74, Based on 28 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Low.