Melanogrammus aeglefinus, Haddock : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Haddock
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Melanogrammus aeglefinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Melanogrammus aeglefinus
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Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Melanogrammus: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologia

; marinhas demersal; oceanódromo (Ref. 51243); intervalo de profundidade 10 - 450 m, usually 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 79°N - 35°N, 76°W - 62°E

Distribuição Países | Áreas da FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitzbergen; in the Barents Sea to Novaya Zemlya; around Iceland; rare at the southern Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: Cape May, New Jersey to the Strait of Belle Isle.

Comprimento de primeira maturação / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 34.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 5951); common length : 35.0 cm TL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 4645); peso máx. publicado: 16.8 kg (Ref. 9988); idade máx. registrada: 20 anos (Ref. 4645)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Espinhos anais 0. Mouth relatively small; lower jaw shorter than the upper jaw; chin barbel rather small. Lateral line dark, uninterrupted to about the end of the body. Lateral-line pores present on head. Scales overlapping. A large dark blotch is above the pectoral fin just below the lateral line.

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

Adults are found more commonly from 80 to 200 m, over rock, sand, gravel or shells, usually at temperatures between 4° and 10°C. Feed mainly on small bottom-living organisms including crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, worms and fishes (sand lance, capelin, silver hake, American eels, herring and argentines) (Ref. 5951). A batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Undertakes extensive migrations in the Barents Sea and Iceland. Sold fresh, chilled as fillets, frozen, smoked and canned. Also utilized for fish meal and animal feeds. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Ciclo de vida ou comportamento de acasalamento Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Spawning occurs in typically marine waters between 50 and 150 m depth (Ref. 1371).

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Status na Lista Vermelha da UICN (Ref. 120744)

  Vulnerável, ver Livro Vermelho da UICN (VU) (A1d+2d); Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Ameaça para os humanos

  Harmless





Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: altamente comercial; Aquacultura: experimental; peixe esportivo: sim
FAO(Aquacultura: produção; pescarias: produção, perfil da espécie; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Ferramentas

Relatórios especiais

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Fontes da internet

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.4 - 12.1, mean 8.4 (based on 1651 cells).
Índice de diversidade filogenética (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00581 - 0.00751), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Nível Trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.8 (4.4 - 5.0) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 40 growth studies.
Resiliência (Ref. 120179):  médio(a), tempo mínimo de duplicação da população 1,4 - 4,4 anos (rm=0.54-1.2; K=0.12-0.30; tm=2-6.5; tmax=20; Fec=100,000).
Prior r = 0.50, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.74, Based on 28 stock assessments.
Vulnerabilidade (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Categoria de preço (Ref. 80766):   Low.