Melanogrammus aeglefinus, Haddock : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Haddock
Voeg je waarneming toe in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Melanogrammus aeglefinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Uploaden van je Foto's en video's
Pictures | Videos |     Stamps, Coins Misc. | Google afbeelding
Image of Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Haddock)
Melanogrammus aeglefinus
Picture by Dolgov, A.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Gadiformes (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Melanogrammus: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien demersaal; oceanodroom (Ref. 51243); diepteverspreiding 10 - 450 m, usually 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 79°N - 35°N, 76°W - 62°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitzbergen; in the Barents Sea to Novaya Zemlya; around Iceland; rare at the southern Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: Cape May, New Jersey to the Strait of Belle Isle.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 34.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 5951); common length : 35.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 4645); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 16.8 kg (Ref. 9988); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 20 jaren (Ref. 4645)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 0; Anale stekels 0. Mouth relatively small; lower jaw shorter than the upper jaw; chin barbel rather small. Lateral line dark, uninterrupted to about the end of the body. Lateral-line pores present on head. Scales overlapping. A large dark blotch is above the pectoral fin just below the lateral line.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Adults are found more commonly from 80 to 200 m, over rock, sand, gravel or shells, usually at temperatures between 4° and 10°C. Feed mainly on small bottom-living organisms including crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, worms and fishes (sand lance, capelin, silver hake, American eels, herring and argentines) (Ref. 5951). A batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Undertakes extensive migrations in the Barents Sea and Iceland. Sold fresh, chilled as fillets, frozen, smoked and canned. Also utilized for fish meal and animal feeds. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Spawning occurs in typically marine waters between 50 and 150 m depth (Ref. 1371).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 120744)

  Kwetsbaar, zie IUCN Rode Lijst (VU) (A1d+2d); Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





Gebruik door de mens

Visserij: van groot commercieel belang; Aquacultuur: experimenteel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja
FAO(Aquacultuur: production; Visserij: production, soortsprofiel; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Tools

Speciale rapporten

Download XML

Internet-bronnen

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.4 - 12.1, mean 8.4 (based on 1651 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00581 - 0.00751), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.8 (4.4 - 5.0) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 40 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (rm=0.54-1.2; K=0.12-0.30; tm=2-6.5; tmax=20; Fec=100,000).
Prior r = 0.50, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.74, Based on 28 stock assessments.
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Low.