Melanogrammus aeglefinus, Haddock : fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish

Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Haddock
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Melanogrammus aeglefinus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Melanogrammus aeglefinus
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Gadiformes (Cods) 鱈形目 (Cods) > Gadidae (Cods and haddocks) 鱈科 (Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Melanogrammus: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Linnaeus.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 10 - 450 m, usually 10 - 200 m (Ref. 35388).   溫帶; 79°N - 35°N, 76°W - 62°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Spitzbergen; in the Barents Sea to Novaya Zemlya; around Iceland; rare at the southern Greenland. Northwest Atlantic: Cape May, New Jersey to the Strait of Belle Isle.
東北大西洋: 對 Spitzbergen 的比斯開灣; 在巴倫支海中對新地島; 冰島的周圍; 稀有的在格陵蘭南部。 西北大西洋: 岬五月, 美女島的紐澤西州到海峽。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 34.9  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5951); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4645); 最大體重: 16.8 kg (Ref. 9988); 最大年齡: 20 年 (Ref. 4645)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 臀棘 0. Mouth relatively small; lower jaw shorter than the upper jaw; chin barbel rather small. Lateral line dark, uninterrupted to about the end of the body. Lateral-line pores present on head. Scales overlapping. A large dark blotch is above the pectoral fin just below the lateral line.
嘴相當小的; 下頜短於上頜; 下巴觸鬚相當小。 側線黑的, 不間斷的到大約身體的末端。 側線孔位於頭部之上。 鱗片部分重疊的。 一個大的黑色斑塊在側線正下方是上方胸鰭。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults are found more commonly from 80 to 200 m, over rock, sand, gravel or shells, usually at temperatures between 4° and 10°C. Feed mainly on small bottom-living organisms including crustaceans, mollusks, echinoderms, worms and fishes (sand lance, capelin, silver hake, American eels, herring and argentines) (Ref. 5951). A batch spawner (Ref. 51846). Undertakes extensive migrations in the Barents Sea and Iceland. Sold fresh, chilled as fillets, frozen, smoked and canned. Also utilized for fish meal and animal feeds. Can be steamed, fried, broiled, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

成魚從 80 到 200 公尺更通常被發現,在岩石,沙子,礫石或貝殼之上, 通常在 4個 ° 與 10個 ° C. 之間的溫度 主要捕食包括甲殼動物,軟體動物,棘皮動物,蠕蟲與魚 (沙子鎗矛, capelin, 銀色的鱈魚,美國鰻魚,鯡魚與銀) 的小型底棲性生物。 (參考文獻 5951) 一個分批產卵者.(參考文獻 51846) 在巴倫支海與冰島中進行廣泛的迴游。 生鮮販賣., 冷凍的如被凍結, 煙燻而且裝於罐頭的魚排。 也利用魚粉與動物飼料。 能被蒸,油炸,火烤, 煮沸, 微波而且燒烤。 (參考文獻 9988)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205). Spawning occurs in typically marine waters between 50 and 150 m depth (Ref. 1371).東北大西洋: 對 Spitzbergen 的比斯開灣; 在巴倫支海中對新地島; 冰島的周圍; 稀有的在格陵蘭南部。 西北大西洋: 岬五月, 美女島的紐澤西州到海峽。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  次級保育類動物, 見 IUCN 紅皮書 (VU) (A1d+2d); Date assessed: 01 August 1996

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 高經濟性; 養殖: 實驗的; 游釣魚種: 是的
FAO(養殖: 產生; 漁業: 產生, 魚種描繪; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.4 - 12.1, mean 8.4 (based on 1651 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00581 - 0.00751), b=3.08 (3.04 - 3.12), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.1 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.8 (4.4 - 5.0) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 40 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (rm=0.54-1.2; K=0.12-0.30; tm=2-6.5; tmax=20; Fec=100,000).
Prior r = 0.50, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.74, Based on 28 stock assessments.
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (55 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Low.