Hyperoplus lanceolatus, Great sandeel : fisheries, bait

Hyperoplus lanceolatus (Le Sauvage, 1824)

Great sandeel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Hyperoplus lanceolatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Hyperoplus lanceolatus (Great sandeel)
Hyperoplus lanceolatus
Picture by Svensen, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei (Sand dwellers) > Ammodytidae (Sand lances)
Etymology: Hyperoplus: Greek, hyperoplos = that has vanity with its weapons (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser demersal; ozeanodrom (Ref. 51243); tiefenbereich 6 - 30 m (Ref. 57178).   Temperate; 80°N - 37°N, 25°W - 36°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Northeast Atlantic: Murman and Spitzbergen to Portugal, including Iceland and much of the Baltic.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 11 - 15 cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4674); common length : 20.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4645)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Tip of pectoral fin reaches the front end of the dorsal fin. Dark spot on each side of the snout. Two pointed teeth in the palate. Upper jaw not protractile (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Inshore, including the inter-tidal zone and estuaries, and offshore to about 60 m depth. Commonly associated with Ammodytes species. Feeds initially on zooplankton, later small fish (clupeids and ammodytids) dominate the diet. Summer batch spawner. Used mainly for fishmeal and oil, but also utilized fresh and pan-fried for human consumption (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Muus, B.J. and P. Dahlström, 1974. Collins guide to the sea fishes of Britain and North-Western Europe. Collins, London, UK. 244 p. (Ref. 173)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 123251)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 March 2014

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: hoch kommerziell; Köder: occasionally
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Internet Quellen

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 8.8 - 12.8, mean 10.3 °C (based on 476 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00288 (0.00162 - 0.00514), b=3.00 (2.84 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 2.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (tm=2; Fec=35,000).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 59.7 [26.8, 118.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.457 [0.263, 0.817] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [16.0, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.958 [0.435, 2.144] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.6 [6.7, 48.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22 [6, 80] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.683 [0.463, 1.048] mg/100g (wet weight);