Pomatoschistus minutus, Sand goby : aquarium

Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas, 1770)

Sand goby
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pomatoschistus minutus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pomatoschistus minutus (Sand goby)
Pomatoschistus minutus
Male picture by Busse, K.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Pomatoschistus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, schistos = divided (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser demersal; amphidrom; tiefenbereich 4 - 200 m.   Temperate; 8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944); 71°N - 35°N, 11°W - 34°E

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: from Norway to Spain (Ref. 51442); also Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 51442) and Black Sea, but probably not throughout. Pomatoschistus minutus elongatus exists in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 10 cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 4645); max. veröff. Alter: 3 Jahre (Ref. 40230)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 6 - 8; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 10-12; Afterflossenstacheln 1; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 9 - 12; Wirbelzahl: 32 - 34. Elongated body (Ref. 51442). The relative great eyes are placed high and close together (Ref. 51442). Joint pelvic fins forming an oval ventral disc (Ref. 51442). Elongated caudal peduncle (Ref. 51442). Predorsal area and nape covered by scales (Ref. 59043). Scales on the back, in front of the first dorsal fin (Ref. 35388). Dark spot on the hind end of first dorsal fin; Dark area on the front part of pectoral fins indistinct or missing.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

This occasionally schooling species is found in inshore sandy and muddy areas. Also found in ecotones near hard bottoms (Ref. 92840). Juveniles found in lower estuaries. Mainly diurnal, this species feeds on small polychaetes, amphipods (corophiids, caprellids), cumaceans and mysids (Ref. 4696). Spawns in summer in shallow waters. Male lures the female into an empty bivalve shell where she lays a portion of eggs. Guarded by the male for 10 days until larvae about 3 mm long. Larvae are pelagic at first. Young fish only start to live at the bottom when 17-18 mm (Ref. 35388).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

High mortality rate during the first year. Also Ref. 53335.

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 120744)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 March 2014

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: nicht kommerziell; Aquarium: Öffentliche Aquarien
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

Mehr Information

Namen
Synonyme
Metabolismus
Räuber
Ökotoxikologie
Fortpflanzung
Geschlechtsreife
Ablaichen
Spawning aggregation
Fecundity
Eier
Eientwicklung
Referenzen
Aquakultur
Aquakultur Profil
Zuchtlinien
Genetik
Allel-Häufigkeiten
Vererbbarkeit
Krankheiten
Verarbeitung
Mass conversion
Partner
Bilder
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Laute
Ciguatera
Geschwindigkeit
Schwimmstil
Kiemenoberfläche
Otoliths
Gehirngröße
Sehfähigkeit

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 12.2, mean 9.4 (based on 464 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00468 - 0.01175), b=3.08 (2.95 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  mittel, Verdopplung der Population dauert 1,4 - 4,4 Jahre. (K=0.93; tm=0.7; tmax=2.7; fec = 5,231).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .