Pomatoschistus minutus, Sand goby : aquarium

Pomatoschistus minutus (Pallas, 1770)

Sand goby
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pomatoschistus minutus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pomatoschistus minutus (Sand goby)
Pomatoschistus minutus
Male picture by Busse, K.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) 鰕虎魚科 (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Pomatoschistus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, schistos = divided (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Pallas.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 非產卵性溯降河的; 深度上下限 4 - 200 m.   溫帶; 8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944); 71°N - 35°N, 11°W - 34°E

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: from Norway to Spain (Ref. 51442); also Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 51442) and Black Sea, but probably not throughout. Pomatoschistus minutus elongatus exists in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
東大西洋: 從挪威到西班牙;(參考文獻 51442) 也地中海 (參考文獻 51442) 與黑海, 但是可能不始終。 小長臀鰕虎魚〔Pomatoschistus minutus〕 elongatus 在地中海與黑海存在。

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 10 cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4645); 最大年齡: 3 年 (Ref. 40230)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 6 - 8; 背的軟條 (總數): 10-12; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 9 - 12; 脊椎骨: 32 - 34. Elongated body (Ref. 51442). The relative great eyes are placed high and close together (Ref. 51442). Joint pelvic fins forming an oval ventral disc (Ref. 51442). Elongated caudal peduncle (Ref. 51442). Predorsal area and nape covered by scales (Ref. 59043). Scales on the back, in front of the first dorsal fin (Ref. 35388). Dark spot on the hind end of first dorsal fin; Dark area on the front part of pectoral fins indistinct or missing.
延長的身體。 (參考文獻 51442) 相關的大眼高度地被放置而且靠攏在一起。 (參考文獻 51442) 連接形成一個橢圓形的腹體盤的腹鰭。 (參考文獻 51442) 延長的尾柄。 (參考文獻 51442) 在背部上的鱗片, 在第一背鰭之前.(參考文獻 35388) 在第一背鰭的後部末端上的深色斑點; 在胸鰭的前端上的黑的區域不明顯或不見的。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

This occasionally schooling species is found in inshore sandy and muddy areas. Also found in ecotones near hard bottoms (Ref. 92840). Juveniles found in lower estuaries. Mainly diurnal, this species feeds on small polychaetes, amphipods (corophiids, caprellids), cumaceans and mysids (Ref. 4696). Spawns in summer in shallow waters. Male lures the female into an empty bivalve shell where she lays a portion of eggs. Guarded by the male for 10 days until larvae about 3 mm long. Larvae are pelagic at first. Young fish only start to live at the bottom when 17-18 mm (Ref. 35388).

這偶然群游性種被發現於近海沙泥區域。 稚魚發現於下游河口了。 主要日行性, 這種吃小的多毛類動物,片腳類動物 (corophiids, caprellids) , cumaceans 與糠蝦.(參考文獻 4696) 產卵在夏天在淺水區中。 雄性引誘母魚進入她生下卵的部分的一個空的雙殼貝。 達 10 天由雄魚保衛了直到仔魚大約 3 mm 長。 仔魚起先是大洋性的。 幼魚只開始生活在底部當 17-18 mm.(參考文獻 35388)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

High mortality rate during the first year. Also Ref. 53335.東大西洋: 從挪威到西班牙;(參考文獻 51442) 也地中海 (參考文獻 51442) 與黑海, 但是可能不始終。 小長臀鰕虎魚〔Pomatoschistus minutus〕 elongatus 在地中海與黑海存在。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Miller, P.J., 1986. Gobiidae. p. 1019-1085. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4696)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 120744)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 12 March 2014

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 沒有興趣; 水族館: 公眾的水族館
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 7 - 12.2, mean 9.4 (based on 464 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00468 - 0.01175), b=3.08 (2.95 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.0 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增時間最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.93; tm=0.7; tmax=2.7; fec = 5,231).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .