分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海 底生の; 海洋回遊性 (Ref. 51243); 深さの範囲 5 - 409 m (Ref. 56504). Subtropical; 62°N - 14°N, 19°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic: Western Norway, English Channel (rare in North Sea) to Dakar, Senegal and the Canary Islands, including the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Length at first maturity / サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm 16.1, range 15 - 26 cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 3397); common length : 25.0 cm SL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 4845); 最大公表体重: 1.0 kg (Ref. 35388); 最大記録サイズ: 11 年 (Ref. 92286)
Head is less steep. Barbels longer than pectoral fin. Body with longitudinal red and brown stripes. First dorsal fin with dark markings (Ref. 35388).
Adults occur on broken and rough grounds but also found over sand and soft bottoms at depths less than 100 m. Depth range from 5-60 m (Ref. 07313) and from 305-409 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Feed on benthic organisms such as shrimps and amphipods, polychaetes, mollusks, and benthic fishes. Spawning occurs from May to July, eggs and larvae are pelagic (Ref. 4845). Marketed fresh and frozen for steaming, pan-frying, broiling and baking (Ref. 9988).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
A determinate spawner (Ref. 41706).
Ben-Tuvia, A., 1990. Mullidae. p. 827-829. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7313)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
水産業: 商業; ゲームフィッシュ: はい
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7 - 16.1, mean 10.2 °C (based on 549 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00815 - 0.00975), b=3.11 (3.08 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.1 (2.6 - 5.0) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 37 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 手段, １．４年～４．４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (K=0.1-0.7; tm=2; tmax=10).
Prior r = 0.85, 95% CL = 0.56 - 1.28, Based on 12 stock assessments.
弱み (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 88.5 [34.0, 166.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.552 [0.207, 1.853] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [18.7, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.797 [0.520, 1.220] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.1 [9.5, 47.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.8 [5.5, 53.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.272 [0.163, 0.679] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.