Rhinobatos lionotus, Smoothback guitarfish : fisheries

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Rhinobatos lionotus Norman, 1926

Smoothback guitarfish
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Elasmobranchii 板鰓亞綱 (鯊魚與魟魚) (sharks and rays) > Rhinopristiformes (Shovelnose rays) 鰩目 (Shovelnose rays) > Rhinobatidae (Guitarfishes) 琵琶鱝科 (Guitarfishes)
Etymology: Rhinobatos: Greek, rhinos = nose + Greek, batis, -idos = a ray (Raja sp.) (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Norman.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 非產卵性溯降河的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 70 - 76 m (Ref. 123963).   熱帶; 24°N - 5°N, 66°E - 91°E (Ref. 114953)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: West Bengal to Myanmar, upper Bay of Bengal (India) to possibly Arabian Sea; Sri Lanka (Ref. 114953).
印度洋: 印度與斯里蘭卡。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 75.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 114953)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: disc is wedge-shaped, rather large, its width 35-37% TL, its length 1.2-1.3 times width; snout is relatively short, length 2.5-2.7 times interspiracular distance, ~3.4 times interorbital width; orbit diameter 1.2-1.4 times the spiracle length; nostrils are moderately oblique, length 1.3-1.5 times internarial distance; mouth width 6.3-6.9% TL; preoral length 5.5-5.9 times internarial distance; posterior nasal flaps are broad; two spiracular folds, the outermost fold subequal to marginally taller than inner fold; ridges of the rostral cartilage almost parallel, widely separated, converging slightly anteriorly but not constricted medially; anterior cartilage weakly sickle-shaped, almost truncate posteriorly; distance between the fifth gill slits 2.5-2.7 times in ventral head length; prebranchial sensory pore system distinct, extending posteriorly to margin of first gill slit; postscapular sensory canal notched, the lateral pores exposed; with weak thorn patches on supraorbit and scapular region, and row of rudimentary thorns (inconspicuous) along dorsal midline; denticles on dorsal fins densest anteriorly, more sparse posteriorly; dorsal fins are small, height of first 7.7-8.1% TL; pelvic-fin inner margin subequal to or shorter than its base length; interdorsal distance 2.3-2.9 times first dorsal-fin base; dorsal caudal margin 1.9-2.0 times the preventral margin; upper jaw with ~118 tooth rows; snout angle ~61°; pectoral radials 68-72; post-synarcual centra ~164; nasal lamellae ~49. Colouration: dorsal fins brownish anteriorly while dusky posteriorly and apically; dorsal disc of adults is uniformly brown to greenish, with or without large, regularly spaced cloudy blotches (faint orange to dusky, more or less symmetrically arranged and of irregular sizes); ventral disc and tail are pale; undersurface of snout without large, black, teardrop marking (Ref. 123963).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found on benthic inshore areas on continental shelf to at least 76 m depth (Ref. 123963). Also known to inhabit river mouths. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Confused with other species in the Indian Ocean, biology unknown (Ref. 114953).

棲息於河口。 卵胎生的.(參考文獻 50449)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449).印度洋: 印度與斯里蘭卡。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : McEachran, John | 合作者

Last, P.R., B. Séret and G.J.P. Naylor, 2019. Description of Rhinobatos ranongensis sp. nov.(Rhinopristiformes: Rhinobatidae) from the Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal with a review of its northern Indian Ocean congeners. Zootaxa 4576(2),257-287. (Ref. 123963)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  資料不足 (DD) ; Date assessed: 01 December 2008

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00153 - 0.00594), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (Fec assumed to be <100).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Low.