Brachysomophis cirrocheilos, Stargazer snake eel

Brachysomophis cirrocheilos (Bleeker 1857)

Stargazer snake eel
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Brachysomophis cirrocheilos   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Brachysomophis cirrocheilos (Stargazer snake eel)
Brachysomophis cirrocheilos
Picture by Erdmann, M.V.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Brachysomophis: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, soma = body + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335);  cirrocheilos: From apparently a combination of Latin ('cirrus' = tendril) and Greek ('cheilos' = lip).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 38 m (Ref. 42180).   熱帶; 39°N - 20°S, 35°E - 148°E (Ref. 42180)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Japan, Taiwan south to Indonesia and Australia.
印度-西太平洋: 紅海而且東非到日本,台灣,新幾內亞,印尼與澳洲。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 159 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 42180)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

脊椎骨: 135 - 140. Coloration pale, overlain dorsally and along flanks with irregular brown smudges. A moderately elongate species with tail 51-58% and head 11-14% of TL; dorsal fin arising well behind pectoral-fin tips; pectoral fins not elongate; snout moderate, about 3.2 in jaw; jaws elongate; lower jaw extending beyond snout; nostrils in very short tubes in upper lip and closely associated; labial fringe well-developed but cirri not elongate on jaws, with cauliflower-like projections at tips; center of eye behind anterior 40% of jaw; interorbital space and top of head flat, dorsal head profile nearly flat from mid-head to snout tip; head pores inconspicuous; free sensory neuromasts not visible on nape; teeth conical. Numerous prominent barbels on both lips; outer row of maxillary teeth not visible when are closed (Ref 42180).
颜色灰白的, overlain 背面而且沿着侧面有不规则的褐色污点。 中等细长的种尾部 51-58% 与头部 11-14% 的 TL; 出现的背鳍在胸鳍顶端正后方; 胸鳍不延长; 吻中等的, 大约 3.2 在颌中; 颚延长; 下颌延伸超过吻; 在非常短的管中在上嘴唇的鼻孔而且接近地联合了; 唇的穗边发展良好的但是触须在颚上不延长, 藉由像花椰菜一样的突出在顶端; 眼睛中心在前面的 40% 的颌后面; 眼间隔与头顶平的, 头部背面轮廓几乎平坦从头部中央到吻顶端; 头部孔不明显的; 分离的感觉神经瘤在后颈上無法看見; 齒錐形。 很多的突出觸鬚在兩者的唇上; 上顎齒的外部列看不見的何時被關閉 (參考文獻 42180).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Most commonly found in sand and mud, near coastal reefs at depths of 1 up to at least 10 m. Burrows into the sand tail-first until only its eyes and the top of its snout are visible. Sometimes seen with only its head or snout protruding from the sand. More commonly encountered at night but also seen with its head protruding out of the substrate during the day. Observed with cleaner shrimp Periclimenes magnificus on its head. The shrimp would swim off for short periods and then return to this species (Ref. 42180). Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 2334).

最普遍发现于沙子与泥, 靠近岸礁深度 1个向上到至少 10 公尺。 钻进沙子里面以尾巴在前的方式,直到唯一的它的眼与它的吻的顶端是看得见的。 有时见到仅仅它的头部或吻从沙子凸出。 更通常见到了在晚上也见到从底部伸出头部在白天期间。 被观察到有清洁虾 Periclimenes magnificus 在它的头部了。 虾将会游开短暂地然后回到这种.(参考文献 42180) 吃小鱼与甲壳动物。 (参考文献 2334)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-西太平洋: 紅海而且東非到日本,台灣,新幾內亞,印尼與澳洲。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : McCosker, John | 合作者

McCosker, J.E. and J.E. Randall, 2001. Revision of the snake-eel genus Brachysomophis (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae), with description of two new species and comments on the species of Mystriophis. Indo-Pac. Fish. (33):1-32. (Ref. 42180)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29, mean 27.9 °C (based on 520 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00126 (0.00052 - 0.00302), b=2.91 (2.70 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.66 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .