Brachysomophis cirrocheilos, Stargazer snake eel

Brachysomophis cirrocheilos (Bleeker 1857)

Stargazer snake eel
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Brachysomophis cirrocheilos   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Brachysomophis cirrocheilos
Picture by Erdmann, M.V.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Anguilliformes (Eels and morays) 鰻鱺目 (Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae (Snake eels) 蛇鰻科 (Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Brachysomophis: Greek, brachys, eia = short + Greek, soma = body + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335);  cirrocheilos: From apparently a combination of Latin ('cirrus' = tendril) and Greek ('cheilos' = lip).  More on author: Bleeker.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 1 - 38 m (Ref. 42180).   熱帶; 39°N - 20°S, 35°E - 148°E (Ref. 42180)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Japan, Taiwan south to Indonesia and Australia.
印度-西太平洋: 紅海而且東非到日本,台灣,新幾內亞,印尼與澳洲。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 159 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 42180)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

脊椎骨: 135 - 140. Coloration pale, overlain dorsally and along flanks with irregular brown smudges. A moderately elongate species with tail 51-58% and head 11-14% of TL; dorsal fin arising well behind pectoral-fin tips; pectoral fins not elongate; snout moderate, about 3.2 in jaw; jaws elongate; lower jaw extending beyond snout; nostrils in very short tubes in upper lip and closely associated; labial fringe well-developed but cirri not elongate on jaws, with cauliflower-like projections at tips; center of eye behind anterior 40% of jaw; interorbital space and top of head flat, dorsal head profile nearly flat from mid-head to snout tip; head pores inconspicuous; free sensory neuromasts not visible on nape; teeth conical. Numerous prominent barbels on both lips; outer row of maxillary teeth not visible when are closed (Ref 42180).
顏色灰白的, overlain 背面而且沿著側面有不規則的褐色污點。 中等細長的種尾部 51-58% 與頭部 11-14% 的 TL; 出現的背鰭在胸鰭頂端正後方; 胸鰭不延長; 吻中等的, 大約 3.2 在頜中; 顎延長; 下頜延伸超過吻; 在非常短的管中在上嘴唇的鼻孔而且接近地聯合了; 唇的穗邊發展良好的但是觸鬚在顎上不延長, 藉由像花椰菜一樣的突出在頂端; 眼睛中心在前面的 40% 的頜後面; 眼間隔與頭頂平的, 頭部背面輪廓幾乎平坦從頭部中央到吻頂端; 頭部孔不明顯的; 分離的感覺神經瘤看不見的在後頸上; 齒錐形。 很多的突出觸鬚在兩者的唇上; 上顎齒的外部列看不見的何時被關閉 (參考文獻 42180).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Most commonly found in sand and mud, near coastal reefs at depths of 1 up to at least 10 m. Burrows into the sand tail-first until only its eyes and the top of its snout are visible. Sometimes seen with only its head or snout protruding from the sand. More commonly encountered at night but also seen with its head protruding out of the substrate during the day. Observed with cleaner shrimp Periclimenes magnificus on its head. The shrimp would swim off for short periods and then return to this species (Ref. 42180). Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 2334).

最普遍發現於沙子與泥, 靠近岸礁深度 1個向上到至少 10 公尺。 鑽進沙子裡面以尾巴在前的方式,直到唯一的它的眼與它的吻的頂端是看得見的。 有時見到僅僅它的頭部或吻從沙子凸出。 更通常見到了在晚上也見到從底部伸出頭部在白天期間。 被觀察到有清潔蝦 Periclimenes magnificus 在它的頭部了。 蝦將會游開短暫地然後回到這種.(參考文獻 42180) 吃小魚與甲殼動物。 (參考文獻 2334)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-西太平洋: 紅海而且東非到日本,台灣,新幾內亞,印尼與澳洲。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : McCosker, John | 合作者

McCosker, J.E. and J.E. Randall, 2001. Revision of the snake-eel genus Brachysomophis (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae), with description of two new species and comments on the species of Mystriophis. Indo-Pac. Fish. (33):1-32. (Ref. 42180)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25 - 29, mean 27.9 °C (based on 520 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5078   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00126 (0.00052 - 0.00302), b=2.91 (2.70 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.66 se; based on food items.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) .