Synodus dermatogenys, Sand lizardfish

Synodus dermatogenys Fowler, 1912

Sand lizardfish
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Synodus dermatogenys   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Synodus dermatogenys
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Aulopiformes (Grinners) > Synodontidae (Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  dermatogenys: Name from latin meaning unfading; referring to the markings on the pelvic fins that persist even in preserved specimens.  More on author: Fowler.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 1 - 91 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 32°S

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe; including Micronesia (Ref. 2334). Range extend to Southeast Atlantic, Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 11228). Most authors misidentified this species as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 11228)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 11-13; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 10. Body brownish above, with 7 irregular blackish bars (Ref. 11228). Cheek usually not scaled to preopercular margin; membranous flap on anterior nostrils long and slender; pectoral fins not reaching a line connecting origins of dorsal and pelvic fins.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Common on sand or sand-rubble areas of lagoon and seaward reefs to over 20 m depth (Ref. 1602, 9710, 48635). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on shrimps and small fishes (Ref. 89972). Frequently buries in sand leaving only eyes and nostrils exposed (Ref. 9710, 48635). Generally solitary (Ref. 1602). Sometimes in pairs or small groups (Ref 90102).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Generally solitary, but up to four males may have been observed courting a single larger female. A courting male may station itself atop a female and puff out its opercula and spread its fins in a display of aggression towards other males (Ref. 37816).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 02 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Internet-källor

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationella databaser | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.3 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 750 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00377 - 0.00963), b=3.23 (3.09 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 77.8 [27.9, 180.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.693 [0.305, 1.349] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.8 [12.9, 18.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.091 [0.034, 0.211] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.6 [14.9, 75.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 98.4 [23.9, 340.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.07 [0.55, 1.67] mg/100g (wet weight);