Synodus dermatogenys, Sand lizardfish

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Synodus dermatogenys Fowler, 1912

Sand lizardfish
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Synodus dermatogenys   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Synodus dermatogenys (Sand lizardfish)
Synodus dermatogenys
Picture by Field, R.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Aulopiformes (Grinners) > Synodontidae (Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  dermatogenys: Name from latin meaning unfading; referring to the markings on the pelvic fins that persist even in preserved specimens.  More on author: Fowler.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 91 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ).   熱帶; 0°C - ; 30°N - 32°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe; including Micronesia (Ref. 2334). Range extend to Southeast Atlantic, Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 11228). Most authors misidentified this species as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède).
印度-太平洋: 紅海到夏威夷群島,列島群島,馬貴斯群島與 Tuamoto 島, 北至琉球群島, 南至羅得豪島。 在密克羅尼西亞各處。 東南大西洋: 南非奧歌亞灣.(參考文獻 11228) 大多數的作家把這一個種誤鑑成 Synodus variegatus(Lacepede)了。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 11228)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 11-13; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 8 - 10. Body brownish above, with 7 irregular blackish bars (Ref. 11228). Cheek usually not scaled to preopercular margin; membranous flap on anterior nostrils long and slender; pectoral fins not reaching a line connecting origins of dorsal and pelvic fins.
身体上方褐色的,7 不规则的黑色横带.(参考文献 11228) 颊通常不覆盖着鳞片直到前鳃盖骨边缘; 在前鼻孔上的膜状的盖长且细的; 胸鳍不达到正在连接起源的一条线背部的与腹鳍。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Common on sand or sand-rubble areas of lagoon and seaward reefs to over 20 m depth (Ref. 1602, 9710, 48635). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on shrimps and small fishes (Ref. 89972). Frequently buries in sand leaving only eyes and nostrils exposed (Ref. 9710, 48635). Generally solitary (Ref. 1602). Sometimes in pairs or small groups (Ref 90102).

常见于泻湖与面海礁石的砂或砂- 碎石堆区域到超过 20 公尺深度.(参考文献 1602,9710,48635) 时常埋藏于沙子仅留下眼睛与鼻孔暴露在外.(参考文献 9710,48635) 通常独居性的.(参考文献 1602)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Generally solitary, but up to four males may have been observed courting a single larger female. A courting male may station itself atop a female and puff out its opercula and spread its fins in a display of aggression towards other males (Ref. 37816).印度-太平洋: 紅海到夏威夷群島,列島群島,馬貴斯群島與 Tuamoto 島, 北至琉球群島, 南至羅得豪島。 在密克羅尼西亞各處。 東南大西洋: 南非奧歌亞灣.(參考文獻 11228) 大多數的作家把這一個種誤鑑成 Synodus variegatus(Lacepede)了。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 02 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.3 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 750 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00377 - 0.00963), b=3.23 (3.09 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 77.8 [27.9, 180.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.693 [0.305, 1.349] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.8 [12.9, 18.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.091 [0.034, 0.211] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.6 [14.9, 75.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 98.4 [23.9, 340.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.07 [0.55, 1.67] mg/100g (wet weight);