Synodus dermatogenys, Sand lizardfish

Synodus dermatogenys Fowler, 1912

Sand lizardfish
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Synodus dermatogenys   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Synodus dermatogenys
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Aulopiformes (Grinners) 仙女魚目 (Grinners) > Synodontidae (Lizardfishes) 合齒魚科 (Lizardfishes) > Synodontinae
Etymology: Synodus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  dermatogenys: Name from latin meaning unfading; referring to the markings on the pelvic fins that persist even in preserved specimens.  More on author: Fowler.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 1 - 91 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ).   熱帶; 0°C - ; 30°N - 32°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Hawaiian, Line, Marquesan, and Tuamoto islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe; including Micronesia (Ref. 2334). Range extend to Southeast Atlantic, Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 11228). Most authors misidentified this species as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède).
印度-太平洋: 紅海到夏威夷群島,列島群島,馬貴斯群島與 Tuamoto 島, 北至琉球群島, 南至羅得豪島。 在密克羅尼西亞各處。 東南大西洋: 南非奧歌亞灣.(參考文獻 11228) 大多數的作家把這一個種誤鑑成 Synodus variegatus(Lacepede)了。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 11228)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 11-13; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 8 - 10. Body brownish above, with 7 irregular blackish bars (Ref. 11228). Cheek usually not scaled to preopercular margin; membranous flap on anterior nostrils long and slender; pectoral fins not reaching a line connecting origins of dorsal and pelvic fins.
身體上方褐色的,7 不規則的黑色橫帶.(參考文獻 11228) 頰通常不覆蓋著鱗片直到前鰓蓋骨邊緣; 在前鼻孔上的膜狀的蓋長且細的; 胸鰭不達到正在連接起源的一條線背部的與腹鰭。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Common on sand or sand-rubble areas of lagoon and seaward reefs to over 20 m depth (Ref. 1602, 9710, 48635). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on shrimps and small fishes (Ref. 89972). Frequently buries in sand leaving only eyes and nostrils exposed (Ref. 9710, 48635). Generally solitary (Ref. 1602). Sometimes in pairs or small groups (Ref 90102).

常見於瀉湖與面海礁石的砂或砂- 碎石堆區域到超過 20 公尺深度.(參考文獻 1602,9710,48635) 底棲的.(參考文獻 58302) 時常埋藏於沙子僅留下眼睛與鼻孔暴露在外.(參考文獻 9710,48635) 通常獨居性的.(參考文獻 1602)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Generally solitary, but up to four males may have been observed courting a single larger female. A courting male may station itself atop a female and puff out its opercula and spread its fins in a display of aggression towards other males (Ref. 37816).印度-太平洋: 紅海到夏威夷群島,列島群島,馬貴斯群島與 Tuamoto 島, 北至琉球群島, 南至羅得豪島。 在密克羅尼西亞各處。 東南大西洋: 南非奧歌亞灣.(參考文獻 11228) 大多數的作家把這一個種誤鑑成 Synodus variegatus(Lacepede)了。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 124695)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 02 March 2015

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  無害處的





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FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.3 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 750 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00377 - 0.00963), b=3.23 (3.09 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; based on diet studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增時間少於 15個月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 77.8 [27.9, 180.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.693 [0.305, 1.349] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.8 [12.9, 18.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.091 [0.034, 0.211] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.6 [14.9, 75.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 98.4 [23.9, 340.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.07 [0.55, 1.67] mg/100g (wet weight);