Ctenochaetus striatus, Striated surgeonfish : fisheries, aquarium

Ctenochaetus striatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)

Striated surgeonfish
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Ctenochaetus striatus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Ctenochaetus striatus
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) 鱸形目 (Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) 刺尾鯛科 (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Ctenochaetus: Greek, kteis, ktenos = comb + Greek, chaite = hair (Ref. 45335).  More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 35 m (Ref. 90102), usually 6 - 30 m (Ref. 58652).   热带; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 35°N - 30°S, 32°E - 130°W

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Indo-Pacific: throughout the region except the Hawaiian, Marquesas and Easter islands. Record from Baker Island (US Minor Islands) based on a photograph (Ref. 42056). Absent from Malden and Jarvis islands (Ref. 1602).
印度-太平洋: 在区域各处除了夏威夷语,马贵斯群岛与复活岛。 从以一张相片为依据的贝克岛 (美国较小的岛) 记录。 (参考文献 42056) 穆尔登岛与贾维斯岛没有出现。 (参考文献 1602)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2334); common length : 18.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 3146); 最大年龄: 36 年 (Ref. 52229)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 8; 背的软条 (总数): 27-31; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 24 - 28. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body deep and compressed, its depth 1.9-2.3 times in standard length or SL; mouth small, teeth numerous (> 30 in jaws of adults), movable, slender and elongate, with expanded incurved tips which are denticulate on the lateral margin (6 denticulations on upper and 4 on lower teeth); total gill rakers on first gill arch 27-36; a continuous unnotched dorsal fin with VIII,27-31; AIII,24-28; caudal fin lunate, concavity 3.7-6 times in SL; a lancet-like spine on caudal peduncle which folds into a deep horizontal groove; colour dark olive to yellowish brown with blue or blue-grey lengthwise lines on body and small orange spots on head and nape; dorsal and anal fins with about 5 lengthwise dark bluish bands; pectoral fins pale with brownish yellow rays; a small blackish spot at rear base of dorsal fin of juveniles and small adults (Ref. 9808).
身体深黄褐色。 在头部上的橘色的斑点。 胸鳍淡黄色的,尾部的与腹的鳍褐色, 尾鳍的前部灰白的。 尾梗两边具有锐利的,朝向前面的进入一个水平的凹槽之内摺叠下来的直立的硬棘。 鳞片细小的。 稚鱼有 8- 12 灰白的柄倾向向下的与向后在身体上。 齿可动的,细长的, 顶端内曲了而且扩大了; 上颌 5-6 小齿状突起, 低的只有 3-4. 在前面的列中鳃耙 27-36,29-42 在后列中。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits reef flats and lagoon and seaward reefs to a depth of over 30 m. Occurs over coral (Ref. 58534), rock, pavement, or rubble substrates. May occur singly or in small to very large, often mixed-species aggregations (Ref. 48637). Feeds on surface film of blue-green algae and diatoms (making this species a key link in the ciguatera food chain) as well as on various small invertebrates.

栖息于礁石平台与舄湖与临海礁石到深度超过 30 公尺。 生活在珊瑚,岩石,通道,或碎石堆底部之上。 可能单独出现或在小的到非常大的, 时常多种混合的群集, 参考文献 48637. 吃蓝绿藻与硅藻 (在雪卡鱼毒食物链中使得此鱼种一个关键的连结) 的表面薄膜以及各种不同的小型无脊椎动物。

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

In Tahiti, spawning starts near full moon with the formation of schools of several thousand fish at various depths. The fish remain almost motionless for between 1 to 3 hrs, then change their normal color to pale grey. About 4 or 5 fishes rise a few yards above main school & swim around each other discharging milt & eggs, then return to former place & replaced by another group to spawn.印度-太平洋: 在区域各处除了夏威夷语,马贵斯群岛与复活岛。 从以一张相片为依据的贝克岛 (美国较小的岛) 记录。 (参考文献 42056) 穆尔登岛与贾维斯岛没有出现。 (参考文献 1602)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E and K.D. Clements, 2001. Second revision of the surgeonfish genus Ctenochaetus (Perciformes: Acanthuridae), with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (32):33 p. (Ref. 42056)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 07 May 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 9513)





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29, mean 27.8 °C (based on 1078 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02344 (0.01927 - 0.02851), b=2.97 (2.92 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.3 (1.0 - 2.2) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 17 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (tmax = 36; K=0.87).
Prior r = 0.44, 95% CL = 0.29 - 0.66, Based on 1 stock assessment.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 34 [21, 60] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.24 [0.12, 0.59] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [17.5, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.126 [0.082, 0.194] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.6 [12.9, 41.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21.9 [5.6, 81.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.429 [0.290, 1.310] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.