Acanthurus xanthopterus, Yellowfin surgeonfish : fisheries, aquarium

Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835

Yellowfin surgeonfish
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Acanthurus xanthopterus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthurus xanthopterus (Yellowfin surgeonfish)
Acanthurus xanthopterus
Picture by Alban Choinier/Magazine des Voyages de Pêche

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) 鱸形目 (Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) 刺尾鯛科 (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335);  xanthopterus: Name from Greek 'xanthos' for yellow and 'ptero' for fin; referring to the yellow color of the outer part of the pectoral fin (Ref. 37792).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 100 m (Ref. 9267), usually 5 - 90 m (Ref. 27115).   熱帶; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 35°N - 35°S, 23°E - 77°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: coast of East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands and French Polynesia, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: lower Gulf of California and Clipperton Island to Panama and the Galapagos Islands.
印度-太平洋: 東非到夏威夷群島與法屬玻里尼西亞, 北至日本南部, 南至大堡礁與新加勒多尼亞。 東太平洋: 加州灣下游與克利珀頓島到巴拿馬與加拉巴哥群島。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4795); common length : 50.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 30573)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 8 - 9; 背的软条 (总数): 25-27; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 23 - 25. Body purplish gray when alive; grayish brown when preserved; a region of dull yellow in front of eye, a lesser extension posterior to lower part of eye; outer 1/3 of pectoral fin yellow, extreme distal part hyaline; dorsal and anal fins yellowish grey basally, dull yellow distally; caudal fin base whitish; caudal fin purplish. Anterior gill rakers 16-24, posterior 17-22. Caudal spine small.
身体带紫色的灰色当活着的; 浅灰褐色在保存状态下; 区域暗黄色在眼睛前面中,较少的延长在眼的较下面的部位后面; 外部的胸鳍黄色的 1/3, 最末梢部透明的; 背鳍与臀鳍黄灰色的基部地, 暗黄色末梢部地; 尾鳍基底微白色的; 尾鳍带紫色的。 前面的鳃耙 16-24, 在后部的 17-22. 尾棘小的。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Live in various reef habitats, sand slopes and lagoons (Ref. 48637). Juveniles inhabit shallow, protected, turbid inshore waters while adults prefer deeper areas of protected bays and lagoons. Also in outer reef areas (Ref. 1602). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Schooling species, feed on diatoms, detritus film of sand, filamentous algae, hydroids, and pieces of fish (Ref. 1602, 48637). Probably the only surgeonfish that readily takes bait (Ref. 12484).

生活在各种不同的礁石栖地,沙质斜坡与舄湖。 (参考文献 48637) 稚鱼栖息于水浅且有遮蔽又混浊的近岸水域虽然成鱼偏爱遮蔽的内湾与舄湖的较深的区域。 也在外围礁石区域中。 这群游性种吃硅藻,沙中的碎屑薄片,菌丝藻,水息虫与鱼的碎片。 (参考文献 1602,48637) 可能轻易地吃饵的唯一的刺尾鱼.(参考文献 12484)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

印度-太平洋: 東非到夏威夷群島與法屬玻里尼西亞, 北至日本南部, 南至大堡礁與新加勒多尼亞。 東太平洋: 加州灣下游與克利珀頓島到巴拿馬與加拉巴哥群島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 1956. A revision of the surgeonfish genus Acanthurus. Pac. Sci. 10(2):159-235. (Ref. 1920)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有毒的 (Ref. 4716)





人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 水族馆: 商业性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周边海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.3 - 29, mean 27.7 °C (based on 2980 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00639 - 0.03272), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.36 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.287; Tmax=34).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 45.1 [15.5, 110.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.699 [0.262, 1.879] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [18.5, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.127 [0.060, 0.262] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.6 [9.1, 89.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 31.3 [12.7, 76.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.99 [0.68, 3.96] mg/100g (wet weight);