Acanthurus xanthopterus, Yellowfin surgeonfish : fisheries, aquarium

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Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835

Yellowfin surgeonfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Acanthurus xanthopterus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Acanthurus xanthopterus (Yellowfin surgeonfish)
Acanthurus xanthopterus
Picture by Alban Choinier/Magazine des Voyages de Pêche

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Acanthuriformes (Surgeonfishes) 鱸形目 (Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) 刺尾魚科 (Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Acanthurinae
Etymology: Acanthurus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335);  xanthopterus: Name from Greek 'xanthos' for yellow and 'ptero' for fin; referring to the yellow color of the outer part of the pectoral fin (Ref. 37792).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 1 - 100 m (Ref. 9267), usually 5 - 90 m (Ref. 27115).   熱帶; 24°C - 28°C (Ref. 27115); 35°N - 35°S, 23°E - 77°W

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: coast of East Africa to the Hawaiian Islands and French Polynesia, north to southern Japan, south to the Great Barrier Reef and New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: lower Gulf of California and Clipperton Island to Panama and the Galapagos Islands.
印度-太平洋: 東非到夏威夷群島與法屬玻里尼西亞, 北至日本南部, 南至大堡礁與新加勒多尼亞。 東太平洋: 加州灣下游與克利珀頓島到巴拿馬與加拉巴哥群島。

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 4795); common length : 50.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 30573)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 8 - 9; 背的軟條 (總數): 25-27; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 23 - 25. Body purplish gray when alive; grayish brown when preserved; a region of dull yellow in front of eye, a lesser extension posterior to lower part of eye; outer 1/3 of pectoral fin yellow, extreme distal part hyaline; dorsal and anal fins yellowish grey basally, dull yellow distally; caudal fin base whitish; caudal fin purplish. Anterior gill rakers 16-24, posterior 17-22. Caudal spine small.
身體帶紫色的灰色當活著的; 淺灰褐色在保存狀態下; 區域暗黃色在眼睛前面中,較少的延長在眼的較下面的部位後面; 外部的胸鰭黃色的 1/3, 最末梢部透明的; 背鰭與臀鰭黃灰色的基部地, 暗黃色末梢部地; 尾鰭基底微白色的; 尾鰭帶紫色的。 前面的鰓耙 16-24, 在後部的 17-22. 尾棘小的。

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Live in various reef habitats, sand slopes and lagoons (Ref. 48637). Juveniles inhabit shallow, protected, turbid inshore waters while adults prefer deeper areas of protected bays and lagoons. Also in outer reef areas (Ref. 1602). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Schooling species, feed on diatoms, detritus film of sand, filamentous algae, hydroids, and pieces of fish (Ref. 1602, 48637). Probably the only surgeonfish that readily takes bait (Ref. 12484).

稚魚棲息於水淺且有遮蔽又混濁的近岸水域雖然成魚偏愛遮蔽的內灣與潟湖的較深的區域。 也在外圍礁石區域中。 這群游性種吃矽藻,沙中的碎屑薄片,菌絲藻,水息蟲與魚的碎片。 (參考文獻 1602) 可能輕易地吃餌的唯一的刺尾魚.(參考文獻 12484)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

印度-太平洋: 東非到夏威夷群島與法屬玻里尼西亞, 北至日本南部, 南至大堡礁與新加勒多尼亞。 東太平洋: 加州灣下游與克利珀頓島到巴拿馬與加拉巴哥群島。

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 : Randall, John E. | 合作者

Randall, J.E., 1956. A revision of the surgeonfish genus Acanthurus. Pac. Sci. 10(2):159-235. (Ref. 1920)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 123251)

  無危 (LC) ; Date assessed: 04 May 2010

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

  有毒的 (Ref. 4716)





人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 水族館: 商業性
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource | 周邊海洋

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 23.3 - 29, mean 27.7 °C (based on 2980 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00639 - 0.03272), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
營養階層 (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.36 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.8 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
回復力 (Ref. 120179):  低的, 最小族群倍增時間4.5 - 14 年 (K=0.287; Tmax=34).
瀕危性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
價格種類 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 45.1 [15.5, 110.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.699 [0.262, 1.879] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [18.5, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.127 [0.060, 0.262] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.6 [9.1, 89.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 31.3 [12.7, 76.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.99 [0.68, 3.96] mg/100g (wet weight);