分类 / Names
俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼)
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Coregoninae
Etymology: Coregonus: Greek, kore = pupils of the eye + Greek, gonia = angle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Pallas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; 溯河洄游 (Ref. 51243). 極; 78°N - 63°N, 58°E - 163°E
Arctic Ocean basin, from Kara to Kolyma drainages. Introduced or stocked in many lakes in northern and central Russia (Ref. 59043).
Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄
Maturity: Lm ?, range 42 - 50 cm
Max length : 90.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 59043); 最大体重: 13.8 kg (Ref. 593); 最大年龄: 23 年 (Ref. 593)
Anadromous, semi-anadromous, lacustrine, lacustrine-riverine, and riverine stocks have been reported. Most stocks are migratory, spending most of year at sea, sometimes rather far from coast (Ref. 59043). Stays mainly in the lower reaches of the rivers (Ref. 593) with slow current, large lakes and their tributaries, floodplain lakes, deltas and estuaries, marine waters with salinity up to 6-10%. Enters rivers in July - August and reaches spawning sites by October - November. In larger rivers, moves upriver up tp 2000 km (average speed 20 km/day). Spawns for the first time at 6-14 years, 47-50 cm SL. Spawns in rapids or shallows, at 1-2°C, when rivers start freezing. Adults leave spawning sites in winter (Ref. 59043). Eggs are buried in unguarded nests (Ref. 205). Eggs hatch in 150-180 days; peak hatching usually in April. Juveniles feed on plankton in winter (during which they do not cease active foraging) and benthic invertebrates in summer (Ref. 59043).
Status of threat: Important commercial species but rapidly declining (Ref. 59043).
停留主要在河的下面范围.(参考文献 593) 卵生的.(参考文献 205) 卵被埋藏在没有防卫的巢之中。 (参考文献 205)
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | 卵 | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).前蘇聯: 北極海的淡化的部分從喀拉海河到科力馬河河在俄國進入河。
Berg, L.S., 1962. Freshwater fishes of the U.S.S.R. and adjacent countries. volume 1, 4th edition. Israel Program for Scientific Translations Ltd, Jerusalem. (Russian version published 1948). (Ref. 593)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
合作者照片Stamps, Coins Misc.声音神经毒速度泳型鳃区Otoliths脑重体重比眼睛色素
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00267 - 0.00651), b=3.24 (3.11 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 10.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179
): 低的, 最小族群倍增时间4.5 - 14 年 (tmax=23).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .